Population Change Flash Cards

A list of vital definitions you need to know :)

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  • Created by: Iona
  • Created on: 08-05-14 11:36
Crude death rate
The number of deaths per 1000 people in 1 year
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Crude Birth rate
The number of live births per 1000 people in 1 year
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Infant mortality
The number of deaths of children under the age of 1 year expressed per 1000 live births per year
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Life expectancy
The average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live
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Dependency ratios
The relationship between the economically active (working) population and the non-economically active (dependent) population
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Fertility rate
The average number of children a woman will give birth to during her life time.
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Demographic transition (the process)
The DTM shows how the population of a country changes over time. It gives changes in birth and death rates, and shows that countries pass through five stages of population change
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Population density
The number of people per square kilometre (km2)
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Over population
Too many people in an area relative to the amount of resources and the level of technology available locally
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Under population
Occurs when too fewer people in an area to use the resources efficiently
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Optimum population
Most efficient population for a given amount of technology
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Push Factors
Make you want to leave a country, pushing you away. Negative reasons include: lack of jobs, Poverty, Religious Persecution, persecution against homosexuality, War, tense situation within an area, Environmental disasters (floods, tornado)
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Pull Factors
Make you want to go to a certain area of the world/country. They tend to be positive influences such as abundance of jobs, money, sight-seeing, good political, social and physical conditions, higher standard of living, religious freedom
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Immigration
The movement of people into an area or country
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Emigration
The movement of people out of an area or country
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Refugee
A person who flees from their country to escape danger or persecution and is unable to return, in fear of harm coming to them
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Intervening obstacles/opportunities
The theory suggests that “the number of people going a given distance is directly proportional to the number of opportunities at that distance and inversely proportional to the number of intervening opportunities"
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Core-Periphery theory
This theory suggests that some countries develop quicker than others due to physical/human advantages and so become the CORE. However, some countries are disadvantaged and therefore become the excess periphery.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of live births per 1000 people in 1 year

Back

Crude Birth rate

Card 3

Front

The number of deaths of children under the age of 1 year expressed per 1000 live births per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The relationship between the economically active (working) population and the non-economically active (dependent) population

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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