Population Change

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  • Created by: 09Butcher
  • Created on: 08-05-14 19:21
Exponential growth
A pattern where the growth rate constantly increases - often shown as a J-curve graph
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Natural change
The difference between birth rate and death rate, expressed as a percentage
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Global Population Growth
1 billion-1800, 2 billion-1940, 7 billion-2005, rapidly increasing because of agricultural change, urbanisation and education
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Low Birth Rate in Russia
Day of conception-prizes eg:fridge, money, benefits, closing schools, lots of elderly-more expensive, vouchers up to £6000 for childrens education
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High Birth Rate in Kerala
One of hgihest literacy rates in the world, compulsery education, empowerment of women, average age for marriage-28, in other areas-18
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UK population increase - Causes
Migration, people having more children, people living longer, pop rising at faster rate since records began in 1801, pop 63 million, 50 million by 2050, 1 baby born every 40 secs, 40% increase in births
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UK population increase - Effects No1
Schooling-800,000 by 2020, 20% increase in needed primary schools, 11,000 in one primary school, staggering schooling hours, Increase urbanisation-house prices rise, unaffordable for young people, Increase disease, air poll, traffic congestion
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Uk population increase - Effects No2
Clashes between migrant groups, Increase employment and unemployment, Increase in market size of young people for companies - not supplying for older people's needs
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Demographic Transition - Stages 1 + 2
Stage 1- High birth + death rates, death rate fluctuates, low pop, poor health + hygiene. Stage 2- Death rate decrease, birth rate stays same, pop increases, improved public health + medicines, fresh water supply and sewage
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Demographic Transition - Stages 3 + 4
Stage 3- Death rate evens out, birth rate decreases, pop increases, EDUCATION-contraception available, improved job prospects. Stage 4- Low stable death rate, low fluctuating birth rate, pop high pretty stable, war-baby boom, kids cost more money
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Demographic Transition - Stage 5
Birth rate lower than death rate, pop decrease, immigration complicates
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Push Factors- Poor standards of living, unemployment, dislike of government policies
Pull Factors- Higher pay, better education, join family members
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Social Impacts- Services can't cope, not everybody has access. Children have to work to support large families and miss out on education. Aren't enough houses for everyone, so people live in makeshift overcrowded places-health problems
Political- More young people, less old people. Government focused on policies imprtant to young people, like education not pensions. Economic- Aren't enough jobs so unemployment increases, increased poverty as people are born into poor families
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The difference between birth rate and death rate, expressed as a percentage

Back

Natural change

Card 3

Front

1 billion-1800, 2 billion-1940, 7 billion-2005, rapidly increasing because of agricultural change, urbanisation and education

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Day of conception-prizes eg:fridge, money, benefits, closing schools, lots of elderly-more expensive, vouchers up to £6000 for childrens education

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

One of hgihest literacy rates in the world, compulsery education, empowerment of women, average age for marriage-28, in other areas-18

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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