Population

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  • Created by: ebrown23
  • Created on: 25-04-15 16:36
Birth Rates
A measure of an area’s fertility. It is expressed as the number of live births per 1000 people in one year.
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Death Rates
The number of deaths per 1000 people in 1 year.
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Fertility rates
The average number of children each woman in the population will bear.
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Infant Mortality Rates
The number of deaths of children under the age of 1 year expressed per 1000 live births per year.
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Life Expectancy
The average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live.
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Longevity
The increase in life expectancy over a period of time. It is a direct result of improved medical provision and increased levels of economic development.
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Dependency Ratios
The ratio of non economically active to economically active.
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Life Expectancy
The average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live.
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Natural Change
The change in the size of a population caused by the interrelationship between birth rate and death rate.
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Population Structure
The make up of a population of an area, usually in the form of age and sex distribution
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Overpopulation
exists when there is too many people in an area relative to the amount of resources and the level of technology locally available to maintain a high standard of living. It is characterised by low per capita income, high unemployment and underemployme
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Underpopulation
occurs when there are too few people in an area to use the resources efficiently for the level of technology. More people would mean better use of resources and increasing standards of living. Characterised by high per capita incomes (but not maximum
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Optimum population
is the theoretical population which, working with all the available resources, will produce the highest standard of living for the people of that area. The concept is dynamic- when technology improves, new resources become available which means that
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of deaths per 1000 people in 1 year.

Back

Death Rates

Card 3

Front

The average number of children each woman in the population will bear.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The number of deaths of children under the age of 1 year expressed per 1000 live births per year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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