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1. France experienced declining fertility rates. Which of the following strategies did the French government adopt?

  • Travel and shopping discounts for large families.
  • Heavier taxation on those with more than four children
  • Discounts on higher education / training if a couple had four or more children.
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2. Viewpoints on population are split into 'Pessimistic' and 'Optimistic'. Which of the following supports the Optimistic approach?

  • Charles Wainwright , Julian Simon , Paul Ehrlich and a 'population cap.'
  • Julian Simon , Esther Boserup and the development of food supply to keep up with demand eg GM crops
  • Paul Ehrlich, Club of Rome and the 'Neo- Malthusians'.

3. What stage of the DTM would China fall into?

  • Late expanding
  • High fluctuating
  • Low fluctuating

4. Population pyramids show the age - sex structure of a country. Define those who are 'young dependent'.

  • Those who are 16 - 19 and in higher education or training and still need support of parents / carers.
  • Those aged 16 or under who rely on parents / carers with an income.
  • Those aged 18 - 25 who are unemployed and can't get a job on medical grounds

5. What is counter-urbanisation?

  • people leaving a city and moving towards suburbs / rural - urban fringe.
  • people leaving a city temporarily.
  • the expansion of large cities outwards


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