Population

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1. One failure of the Chinese 'one child policy' was the 4/2/1 effect. What was this?

  • One child had to care for 2 parents and 4 grandparents who would come dependent on him/her.
  • One child had to care for 2 grandparents and 4 parents who would come dependent on him/her
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2. Viewpoints on population are split into 'Pessimistic' and 'Optimistic'. Which of the following supports the Optimistic approach?

  • Charles Wainwright , Julian Simon , Paul Ehrlich and a 'population cap.'
  • Julian Simon , Esther Boserup and the development of food supply to keep up with demand eg GM crops
  • Paul Ehrlich, Club of Rome and the 'Neo- Malthusians'.

3. The UK is gradually getting an 'ageing population'. This can bring advantages as-well as disadvantages such as ....

  • Housing occupied, part time jobs , local clubs / societies
  • Grey vote , grey pound (£320 million ) , wisdom , childcare
  • Pension changes, hip replacements, used hospital beds, treatment for age related illnesses eg Alzheimers

4. France experienced declining fertility rates. Which of the following strategies did the French government adopt?

  • Travel and shopping discounts for large families.
  • Heavier taxation on those with more than four children
  • Discounts on higher education / training if a couple had four or more children.

5. Thomas Malthus was a pessimist. He argued that ....

  • food supply grew at the same as population to keep up with demand.
  • population grew geometrically (1,2,4,8) whilst food increased arithmetically (1,2,3,4)
  • population grew arithmetically (1,2,3,4) whilst food increased geometrically (1,2,4,8)

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