Population

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1. Name the 5 stages of the DTM.

  • High expansion / low expansion / low fluctuating / slow fluctuating / decline
  • High flucutating / Early expanding / late expanding / low fluctuating / decline
  • High fluctuating / rapid expansion / low fluctuating / slow expansion / decline
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2. Viewpoints on population are split into 'Pessimistic' and 'Optimistic'. Which of the following supports the Optimistic approach?

  • Charles Wainwright , Julian Simon , Paul Ehrlich and a 'population cap.'
  • Julian Simon , Esther Boserup and the development of food supply to keep up with demand eg GM crops
  • Paul Ehrlich, Club of Rome and the 'Neo- Malthusians'.

3. One failure of the Chinese 'one child policy' was the 4/2/1 effect. What was this?

  • One child had to care for 2 parents and 4 grandparents who would come dependent on him/her.
  • One child had to care for 2 grandparents and 4 parents who would come dependent on him/her

4. France experienced declining fertility rates. Which of the following strategies did the French government adopt?

  • Travel and shopping discounts for large families.
  • Heavier taxation on those with more than four children
  • Discounts on higher education / training if a couple had four or more children.

5. What is the current replacement level?

  • 1.9
  • 2.1
  • 2.2

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