Population

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how is the world population growing per second?
2.7 people per second
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where is the majority of the population growth? and by how much?
95% of growth is in LEDCs
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how many people in 3 are under 15?
1 in 3 people are under 15
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what does population density mean?
the number of people per sq km
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what does population distribution mean?
how the population is spread over a given area.
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natural increase?
more births than deaths.
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crude birth rate?
the number of live births per 1000 people.
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total fertility rate?
the number of births per woman in her lifetime.
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crude death rate?
the number of deaths per 1000 people of the population.
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infant mortality rate?
number of deaths under the age of 1 per 1000 live births
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maternal mortality rate?
the number of deaths during child birth per 100,000.
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migration
the movement of people from one area to another.
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immigration
to leave a country or region and to settle in another, from the perspective of the destination country.
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domestic/national migration
movement of people within the border.
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international migration
movement of people across a border.
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voluntary migration
when people move of there own free will or choice.
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forced migration
when poeple move due to fear, persecution, conflict .
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economic migration
people moving to seek employment opportunities.
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temporary migration
migrants only stay for the duration of their employment contract.
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permanent migration
migrants plan to stay permanently and seek citzenship in a country.
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what does the DTM show?
population change of a country over time due to birth rate, death rate and total population.
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what is stage one of the DTM?
high stationary-high birth rate+high death rates=balanced. e.g. afghanistan
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stage 2 of the DTM?
early expanding-high birth rate= falling death rate=increasing population. e.g. somalia
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stage 3 of DTM?
late expanding-falling birth rate+low death rate=population increasing slowly. e.g. zimbabwe
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stage 4 DTM?
low stationary-low birth rate+death rate=stable but high population. e.g. UK
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stage 5 DTM?
declining-low birth rate+low death rate=falling population. e.g. germany
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south africa to jamaica emigration, impacts on jamaica?
remmitence has cut poverty in half between 1990-2005, reduced birth rate, lack of people between 30-60, high crime rate
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south africa to jamaica emigration, impacts on south africa?
brain drain, holding back democracy, holding back development,high crime rate
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mexico to the USA economic migration, impacts on USA?
racial tension,high crime rate, mexican cultural traditions, spanish being taught in US schools-better career opportunities, unemployment increase in USA, remittence causing economic loss for america.
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mexico to the USA economic migration, impacts on Mexico
reduced birth rate, not enough young working population-food shortages, lack of males for marriage
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refugee
a person who has left their home country due to fear of persecution, of race gender nationality or politcal belief
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

95% of growth is in LEDCs

Back

where is the majority of the population growth? and by how much?

Card 3

Front

1 in 3 people are under 15

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the number of people per sq km

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

how the population is spread over a given area.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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