Geography - Population Dynamics - Flash Cards

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What was the population of the planet in 1804 and 2012?
1 Million and 7 Million.
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What is the Demographic Transition Model?
A model that shows population growth over time, taking into account Birth Rate and Death Rate?
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What is Stage One on a DTM?
High Birth Rates due tono birth control and high Death Rates due to famines and disease.
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What is Stage Two on a DTM?
High Birth Rates but falling Death Rates due to hygiene improvements.
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What is Stage Three on a DTM?
Falling Birth Rates due to less infant mortality and falling Death Rates.
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What is Stage Four on a DTM?
Low Birth Rates and low Death Rates.
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What is Stage Five on a DTM?
Slightly rising Death Rater due to increase in older population but also a lower Birth Rate.
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What is a Population Pyramid?
It shows the population of different age ranges by gender.
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What affect does an aging population mean for a country?
More money is needed for state pensions, medical provisions and social provisions.
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What affect does a young population have on a country?
More money is needed for child related social and medical provisions.
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What is the definition of overpopulation?
When a country as more people that can be provided for by the resources.
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What is the definition of underpopulation?
When a country has more resources than people.
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What is a pro-natalist policy?
A policy that encourages people to have children.
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What is an anti-natalist policy?
A policy that discourages people to have children.
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What is migration?
The flow of people going in and out of a country.
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Give 3 reasons why immigration is encouraged?
Address underpopulation, skill and labour shortages and adding to talent and culture.
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Give 3 reasons why there is tension surrounding immigration issues?
Pressures on housing, health care and education. Perception that immigrants take away from the benefit system.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the Demographic Transition Model?

Back

A model that shows population growth over time, taking into account Birth Rate and Death Rate?

Card 3

Front

What is Stage One on a DTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Stage Two on a DTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Stage Three on a DTM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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