population dynamics

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what are problems with a young population
homes often dont have electricity and are over crowded, sanitation is very poor, very hard to support all the services required for the young
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what are problems of ageing population
healthcare costs and demands rise, and in the uk this can put pressure on the NHS, the cost of long-term residential care and nursing homes for elderly is rising, a shortage of workers for officers and factories is an issue facing many developed nati
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optimum population
when the people and resources of a country are equally balanced this is known as optimum population, this is sustainable country that governments try to achieve
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Over population
when population out weighs resources, this can lead to many problems such as lack of sustainable housing, lack of food, lack of services, lack of jobs
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under population
when there are more resources than the population f a country requires, it brings problems like inability to provide all necessary services, as no one there to provide them, but also there are not enough people to exploit all the resources
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governments want to manage their population actively, what are reasons for this?
pressure on resources, over crowding, ageing, skills shortage
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why is there an anti natalist policy in china?
huge rate in population growth lead to series of famines in the mid 20th century
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what is anti natalist policy
ne child policy, encourages couples to have one child and penalise those who have more
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how does anti natalist policy work?
young people persuaded to delay marriage, pressure to abortion of unauthorized pregnancies, easy access to contraception
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has birth control in china been successful?
population has fallen and so has the population growth rate, less successful in rural areas though, they relaxed the policy since 1996
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consequences of anti natlast policy in china
there havent been any more huge famines, widespread sex selection abortion, more boys than girls being born which has led to shortage of women to marry and increase in bride kidnapping and prostitution
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why is there a pro natalist policy in Singapore
policy of reducing population growth from the 1960's was so succesful it led to population decline and ageing population
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what is pro natalist policy
'have three or more, if you can afford it' offers incentives for couples who have lots of children especially those who are well educated and higher earners
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how does pro natalist policy work
counseling offered to discourage abortions, incentives for having more then 2 children include tax rebates, cheap nurseries, spacious apartments
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has pro natalist been successful in Singapore
yeah, birth rate has increased and helped increased population
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reasons for reducing immigration
the unpopularity of large scale immigartion among voters, fears that immigration accept lower pay, reducing pay for everyone
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reasons for increasing immigration
reduce skills shortages and help the econmy keep growing, offset the problems of ageing by attracting working-age immigrants, attracrs low-skilled, low wage workers for farming, as population wont do dirty jobs
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what are problems of ageing population

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healthcare costs and demands rise, and in the uk this can put pressure on the NHS, the cost of long-term residential care and nursing homes for elderly is rising, a shortage of workers for officers and factories is an issue facing many developed nati

Card 3

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optimum population

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Card 4

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Over population

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Card 5

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under population

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