population and migration

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sparsly
an area that has few people living in it
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densly
an area that has lots of people living in it
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population
the amount of people living in an area
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birth rate
the number of births per one thousand per year
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death rate
the number of deaths per one thousand per year
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fertility rate
average number of children born to a woman in there life time
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natural increase
the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate equals natural increase
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infant mortality
the number of deaths od children that die under the age of one per one thousand per year
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life expectancy
the average period that a person may expect to live
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dependant population
the part of the population that does not work and relies on others for goods and services (15-)
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dependancy ratio
a age-population of those who are typically are not working
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family planning
the practice of controlling the numbre of children woman have and the intervals they are born in usually using pills and sterilisation
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population pyramid
a graphical illustration showing distribution of various age groups
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population distrubution
the spread of people across the world
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population density
the number of people living in an area per one square kilometre
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optimum population
the highest living standard a country/area can have
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overpopulation
the maxium capacity of people living within that country
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underpopulation
having a population which is lower than normal or desirable
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replacement rate
the percentage of workers that get a pension program upon retirement
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ageing population
a population of a country which median is 60 years plus
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youthful population
a population of a country which population median is 16 years less
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demographic transition model
the transition of high birth rates and deaths rates to low birth rates to death rates that occurs as part of the economic development of a country
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migration
the movement of people from one area to another
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push factors
things that make people want or have to move out of a country/area
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pull factors
things that attract people to an area
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immigrant
a person who leaves one country to settle in another
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emigrate
when a person leaves there country of origin to settle into another
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migrate
when a person moves from one country to another to settle there
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refugee
when a person who has been forced to leave his/her home because of fear or prosecution
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exponential growth
a change in population that is proportional to the size of the population
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

an area that has lots of people living in it

Back

densly

Card 3

Front

the amount of people living in an area

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the number of births per one thousand per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the number of deaths per one thousand per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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