Population

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Birth rate
Births per 1000 people each year
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Death rate
Deaths per 1000 people each year
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Natural increase
Birth rate exceeds the death rate
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Natural decrease
Death rate exceeds the birth rate
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Zero growth
Birth rate and death rate are equal
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Natural change
Difference between birth and death rate, as a percentage
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Life expectancy
Number of years a person is expected to live
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Exponential growth
Rate of growth becoming increasingly rapid
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Demographic Transition Model (DTM)
Shows change in total population, birth and death rates over time/developement
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Stage One of the DTM
High birth rate, high death rate, low population
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Stage Two of the DTM
High birth rate, falling death rate, increasing population
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Stage Three of the DTM
Falling birth rate, levelling death rate, increasing population
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Stage Four of the DTM
Levelling birth rate, low death rate, high population
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(Predicted) Stage Five of the DTM
Higher death than birth rate, falling population
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Infant Mortality rate
Number of babies that die under the age of one per 1000 live births
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Child mortality
Number of children that die under the age of five per 1000 live births
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Stage One DTM Pyramid
Wide base, concave, low and narrow apex
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Stage Two DTM Pyramid
Wide base, triangular, higher and wider apex
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Stage Three DTM Pyramid
Narrower base, rounded, wide apex
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Stage Four DTM Pyramid
Narrower base, rounded, wide apex
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Stage Five DTM Pyramid
Very narrow base, bulging middle, wide and high apex
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Dependency ratio
Number of people working compared to number of dependant people not working (due to age)
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Dependency ration equation
(Non economically active people / economically active people) x 100
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Migration
Movement from a permanent home in one country to a permanent home in another with the intention of staying at least one year
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Immigrant
Person entering a new country to live there
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Emigrant
Person leaving their country to move to another country
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Destination country
Country where a migrant settles
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Country of origin
Country where a migrant is from
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International migration
Movement across a political border (eg Mexicans into America)
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National migration
Movement within a country (eg Brazilians from the countryside to Sao Paulo
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Forced migration
Migration against one's free will due to natural or human factors (eg Rwundan refugees moving into Uganda)
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Voluntary migration
Migration with free will (eg Turks moving into Germany after WW2)
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Permanent migration
Migration with no intention of moving back to place of origin (eg retirement from London to south coast)
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Temporary migration
Migration with intention of returning to place of origin (eg student on a gap year abroad)
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Seasonal migration
Migration only for a particular period (eg Mexican migration to US for work during autumn harvest)
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Push factor
Factors encouraging people to move away from an area
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Pull factor
Factors encouraging people to move into an area
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deaths per 1000 people each year

Back

Death rate

Card 3

Front

Birth rate exceeds the death rate

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Death rate exceeds the birth rate

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Birth rate and death rate are equal

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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