Pompey's Changing Relationship with the Senate and the Optimates

How many times did Pompey 'switch sides' in his career?
11
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Why was Pompey never fully accepted by the Optimates? (3 Reasons)
His loyalty wasn't guaranteed, he switched sides, he was a populist.
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Who did Pompey support who came to power in 80BC?
Sulla
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Who did Pompey support at the same time but who was of a different political allegiance?
Lepidus
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Who was Lepidus and what was Pompey's involvement with him?
He was a popularis and a Marian, fought him when he was declared a public enemy by Sulla.
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What tactic did Pompey use to gain his command against Sertorius?
Threatened - but never used - violence, i.e. refused to disband his army.
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In what other instances did Pompey use this tactic? (3 examples)
To gain a triumph after his work in Africa, to gain a triumph for finishing off the Spartacist revolt and to get the consulship - illegally - with Crassus in 70BC.
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Aside from the use of violence, who else lobbied for Pompey to be consul in 70BC?
The Plebeians
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What did Pompey do during his first Consulship that might have led the Optimates to trust him even less? (3 examples)
Undid Sulla's conservative reforms, e.g. jury make-up, tribunes and veto, tribunes and restricted career advance.
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When Pompey returned from the East, where did he disband his army and what happened as a result and why?
Brundisium. Rejected by the Optimates because no threat of violence.
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Why did Pompey sign up to the Triumvirate? (2 Reasons)
He signed up because he wanted land for his Veterans with whom he fought in the East and he had been alienated by the Optimates.
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By 58BC, why did Pompey begin to regret his decision to join the Triumvirate? (2 Reasons)
He felt guilty about Cicero's exile and was being bullied and harassed by Clodius.
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What did Pompey hope supporting Cicero's recall would achieve for him?
Reconciliation with the Optimates.
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What did Cicero help Pompey to get in return for support of recall?
- Proconsular Imperium to help sort out Rome's grain supply for five years
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In early 56BC, between which two factions was Pompey between?
Caesar and the Optimates.
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Who hoped to bring Pompey closer to the Optimates?
Cicero.
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Why did Pompey decide to renew the Triumvirate?
- Another joint consulship with Crassus and a further military command.
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When was Pompey's second consulship with Crassus?
55BC.
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Where was Pompey's military command - agreed at Luca - to be and what was odd about how Pompey went about it?
Spain. He had proconsular imperium in Spain by proxy.
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For which two main reasons did the Triumvirate fall apart?
Crassus' death and the death of Julia.
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Into which family did Pompey marry into after the death of his former wife and who did this cause him to drift away from?
Scipio family and Caesar.
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In which year was Pompey elected sole consul by Cato and the Senate and why?
52BC and to resolve the problem of the gangs.
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Against whom did Pompey lead senatorial forces against in 49BC?
Caesar.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was Pompey never fully accepted by the Optimates? (3 Reasons)

Back

His loyalty wasn't guaranteed, he switched sides, he was a populist.

Card 3

Front

Who did Pompey support who came to power in 80BC?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who did Pompey support at the same time but who was of a different political allegiance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was Lepidus and what was Pompey's involvement with him?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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