Politics Unit 1

HideShow resource information
When was the EC referendum?
1975
1 of 37
Who was in power at the time?
Labour
2 of 37
Why was there a problem?
Labour was split
3 of 37
How was this resolved?
They held a referendum
4 of 37
When was the first referendum on devolution to Scotland and Wales?
1979
5 of 37
What was the outcome
Failed
6 of 37
When was the next referendum?
1997
7 of 37
What was the result?
Scotland overwhelming yes, Wales only just over 50
8 of 37
When was the Good Friday agreement?
1998
9 of 37
What was the turnout for the referendum?
80%
10 of 37
What was the result?
70% yes
11 of 37
When was the referendum on having a mayor of london?
1998
12 of 37
What was the turnout?
34%
13 of 37
What referendum happened in 2004?
North-east england devolution of power to english regions
14 of 37
What was the turnout of AV? 2011
42%
15 of 37
What was the result of this referendum?
75% no
16 of 37
What are the positives of referendums?
Direct democracy, people accept outcome, govt. dont split over agreements, almost entrenches con. change and encourages p.participation
17 of 37
What are the negatives of referendums?
Expensive, not very legitimate with small turnouts, issues too complex, representative democracy?
18 of 37
What are the ways to increase political participation?
Compulsory voting, reducing the voting age, introducing electronic voting, reforming the electoral system, using referendums more widely
19 of 37
What is active citizenship?
Idea that it is the duty of citizens to be politically active - developed by labour
20 of 37
What is big society?
Idea that functions of the state should be replaced by local activism - developed by DC
21 of 37
Who uses STV?
Scottish council elections and northern irish assembly
22 of 37
What sort of system is it?
Preference
23 of 37
What do candidates need to achieve to be elected?
A quota
24 of 37
How proportional?
Reasonably so
25 of 37
Why does it work well in Ireland?
Ensures a multi-party govt.
26 of 37
Which irish party does better because of it?
Ulster unionists (became 2nd preference for Prots rather than voting for Catholics)
27 of 37
Which system is absolutely proportional
List system
28 of 37
Where do we use it?
European elections
29 of 37
Which british parties do better under this system?
UKIP, the Greens and BNP
30 of 37
Why is a threshold sometimes used?
To keep out extremist parties
31 of 37
What kind of system is AMS?
Top-up system
32 of 37
Where is it used?
Welsh assembly, Scottish Parliament, Greater London Assembly
33 of 37
How has it affected results in Wales?
Better for conservatives and plaid cymru
34 of 37
How has it affected results in Scotland?
Scottish Nationalist did better
35 of 37
What were the policies of the no campaign for av?
expensive switch, system gave people more influence than others, coalition govt. more likely, vote no to show disapproval of NC
36 of 37
What were the policies of the yes campaign for av?
Expenses scandal - mps would have to work harder as they would need 50% of vote and less guaranteed seats - no one wanted av so not passionate
37 of 37

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was in power at the time?

Back

Labour

Card 3

Front

Why was there a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How was this resolved?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the first referendum on devolution to Scotland and Wales?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all UK electoral systems resources »