Politics one

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apathy
a state of being passive or indifferent, often linked to low turnout in elections.
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abstention
where people opt not to participate in a given activity. It is usually referred to in the context of electoral turnout.
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elites
the belief that modern societies are dominated by an elite that users its privileged position to benefit its own members while at the same time excluding others from the key decision making process.
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second order elections
turnout is expected to be lower than in national elections, voters are more prone to vote for protests parties, rather than the usual mainstream parties
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first order elections
are those that determine the government and/or executive power in s political system
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rational choice model
an explanation of voting behaviour that sees voters as rational individuals choosing between political parties on the basis of their policies, leaders and prior performance in office.
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party identification theory
in an important attitude that influences the vote. Most voters identify with one of the 2 major political parties and these basic partisan loyalties influence the vote
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social structures theory
a voting model that emphasises the influence of social cleavages such as social class ethnicity, occupation and gender on electoral outcomes.
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partisan dealignment
an apparent decline in the number of people who strongly identify with a particular political party.
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focus group
a representative sample of voters selected by a political party and asked to provide feedback on some aspect of that party's performance
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embourgeoisment
a process by which those in the working class come to see themselves as middle class and cast their ballots accordingly at election time
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opinion polls
a survey of public opinion based up on a representative sample of between 1,000 and 2,000 voters
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protest voting
where voters cast a ballot in favour of a candidate or party they would not normally support in order to send a message either to their 'natural' party or to the government of the day
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tactical voting
where an individual chooses to vote for a candidate who is not his or her preferred candidate in order to prevent the candidate they least favour from being elected.
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soundbites
a short phrase, slogan or catchphrase designed to be picked up and used by the media.
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floating voter
an individual who does not identify strongly with a particular political party and is therefore more likely to be influenced by a short-term factors such as the election campaign.
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voting context model
where the behaviour of voters is affected by the nature of the election being contested, the importance of the resulting institution and the wonderings of the electoral system in operation
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pluralism
a system of government that encourages participation and allows free and fair competition between competing interests
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mandate
the right of the governing party to pursue the policies it sets out in its general election manifesto
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canvassing
where local party activists go from door to door in an effort to asses the strength of support and win over floating voters
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legitmacy
the legal right or authority to exercise power
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

where people opt not to participate in a given activity. It is usually referred to in the context of electoral turnout.

Back

abstention

Card 3

Front

the belief that modern societies are dominated by an elite that users its privileged position to benefit its own members while at the same time excluding others from the key decision making process.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

turnout is expected to be lower than in national elections, voters are more prone to vote for protests parties, rather than the usual mainstream parties

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

are those that determine the government and/or executive power in s political system

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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