Politics

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  • Created by: Megs555
  • Created on: 07-12-15 12:34
What is power? (according to Weber.)
The degree to which an individual or group is able to get its own way in a social relationship.
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What is coercion?
Refers to the use of power by physical force.
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What is authority?
The possession of legitimate power.
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What is political sociology?
The study of power, how it is distributed in society and how it is used.
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What is democracy?
Governments rule with the consent of the public and people accept the authority of the government.
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What is dictatorship?
The government is based on coercion - the people are controlled by the army and police.
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What is the difference between plurism and elite theory?
Pluralism sees power as widely distributed throughout society, whereas Elite Theory sees power as concentrated in a few hands.
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What is the elite?
The rich and wealthy, of good educational background, linked socially and economically. The most powerful.
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What is party image?
How the party appears to be.
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What are opinion polls?
An assessment of public opinion obtained by questionning a representative sample.
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What is class dealignment?
A weakening link between social class and voting behaviour.
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What are major influences affecting voting behaviour?
Social class, family, age, gender, occupation, ethnicity, party policies, issues of the day.
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C. Wright Mills accepted which theory about who has the power?
Elite theory.
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What is Marx's view on who has power?
Saw the state as represtenting the interests of the ruling class.
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What was Bagehots explaination of the working class voting conservative?
He argued that because the Conservative Party was made up of the wealthy classes, it made them appear as naturally superior.
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Who proposed the new working class?
Ivor Crewe.
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What is the new working class?
The working class live in different places, own their own home and work in the private sector.
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What recent changes explain the class dealignment?
There's been a gradual decline in manufactoring industries. There's a decline in manufacturing idustries and a rise in service industries.
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Why do some people not vote?
They're not registered, they can't be bothered, they don't know much about the parties, they're not as interested, the main policies may not affect them, they may want to avoid the poll tax.
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What is the problem with public opinion polls?
The results of the poll may influence the actual voting.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is coercion?

Back

Refers to the use of power by physical force.

Card 3

Front

What is authority?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is political sociology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is democracy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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