Political Parties - Keywords (OCR)

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Representatives
A representative exercises their own judgement on how to vote and they represent the views of those that have elected them.
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Ballot Paper
A voting slip that lists each candidate standing for election in alphabetical order.
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Constitution
The fundamental political principles upon which Britain is governed.
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Devolution
Moving political power away from Westminster to local, regional or national based government.
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Target Seats
Carefully selected constituencies, which with additional effort and attention may be vulnerable to a change of party.
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Nationalised
The process of bringing industry or businesses into public, rather than private, ownership.
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Welfare State
The concept that the state takes responsibility for the welfare of all of its citizens by proving minimum standards of living.
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Modernise
Challenge and change the underlying ideologies of the party.
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Privatisation
The reverse process to nationalism; the selling of state-owned assets to private owners.
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Shareholders
Individuals, groups and businesses that have bought a stake in a business and hold share certificates.
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Capitalist Society
A society where most of the wealth is owned by individuals rather than the state or government.
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Clause IV
The old Clause IV pledged to secure the full benefits of workers' labours on the basis of common ownership. The new Clause IV makes a simple pledge to encourage equality and opportunity for all.
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Consensus Policies
A set of policies that seek to reflect the widest-held beliefs or approaches.
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Monetarism
An economic policy that focuses on money supply and on inflation to regulate economic activity.
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Deregulation
The process of removing or simplifying restrictions on individuals and businesses to allow them to be more effective, productive and efficient.
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Individualism
The belief that society, the state or other institutions, should not affect self-reliance, liberty and independence.
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Quasi-Fderal State
A country that has divisions of power where the national government shares power with regional governments.
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Unitary State
A country that is governed as far as the constitution is concerned as one single state despite any devolved or delegated powers.
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Affiliated
Having a close association with a party by paying a political levy, effectively making trade union members individual members of the Labour Party providing the political levy is paid.
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Elitist
A party that is dominated by the leader or a small select group.
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Pluralist
The party is essentially democratic and the leader must listen to the views of the membership.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A voting slip that lists each candidate standing for election in alphabetical order.

Back

Ballot Paper

Card 3

Front

The fundamental political principles upon which Britain is governed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Moving political power away from Westminster to local, regional or national based government.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Carefully selected constituencies, which with additional effort and attention may be vulnerable to a change of party.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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