POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS 1900-1914

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1. What were the views of the national liberals?

  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy
  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
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2. What were the views of the SPD?

  • Split: Marxists argued for revolution and non-cooperation with the political system, reformists argued that the party should work within the political system to achieve social reform
  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • In favour of the development of parliamentary government; not so keen on Bismarck's idea of the power of the nation state, views closely shared by the German People's Party

3. What were the views of the Centre Party?

  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the Catholic church - the kulturkampf, feared rise of socialism; anti-prussia
  • In favour of the development of parliamentary government; not so keen on Bismarck's idea of the power of the nation state, views closely shared by the German People's Party

4. What was one reason for the flourishing of mass political parties?

  • Introduction of universal male suffrage
  • Reichstag wasn't restricted anymore.

5. Who did the Centre Party represent?

  • Middle classes
  • Catholic Church and its members, based in the south, support from non-socialist working class and middle and lower middle class interests
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.

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