POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS 1900-1914

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1. Who did the free conservatives represent?

  • Commercial, industrial and wealthier professional classes from across Germany
  • Middle classes
  • Working classes
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
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2. Who did the liberal progressives represent?

  • Industrial middle class, protestant middle class
  • Middle classes
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.

3. What were the views of the national liberals?

  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy

4. Who did the Social Democratic Party (SPD) represent?

  • Working classes after Bismarck's Anti-Socialist Laws lapsed in 1890
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Middle classes

5. What were the views of the SPD?

  • Split: Marxists argued for revolution and non-cooperation with the political system, reformists argued that the party should work within the political system to achieve social reform
  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • In favour of the development of parliamentary government; not so keen on Bismarck's idea of the power of the nation state, views closely shared by the German People's Party

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