POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS 1900-1914

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1. Who did the national liberals represent?

  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Industrial middle class, protestant middle class
  • Commercial, industrial and wealthier professional classes from across Germany
  • Working classes
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2. What was one reason for the flourishing of mass political parties?

  • Introduction of universal male suffrage
  • Reichstag wasn't restricted anymore.

3. Who did the liberal progressives represent?

  • Industrial middle class, protestant middle class
  • Middle classes
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.

4. What were the views of the Centre Party?

  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the Catholic church - the kulturkampf, feared rise of socialism; anti-prussia
  • In favour of the development of parliamentary government; not so keen on Bismarck's idea of the power of the nation state, views closely shared by the German People's Party
  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties

5. What were the views of the conservatives?

  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
  • Believed in a strong nation state
  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy
  • Strong Supporters of Bismarck and protectionism (i.e the state should protect German business with tariffs)

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