POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS 1900-1914

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1. Who did the national liberals represent?

  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Industrial middle class, protestant middle class
  • Commercial, industrial and wealthier professional classes from across Germany
  • Working classes
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2. Who did the Social Democratic Party (SPD) represent?

  • Middle classes
  • Working classes after Bismarck's Anti-Socialist Laws lapsed in 1890
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.

3. Who did the free conservatives represent?

  • Working classes
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Commercial, industrial and wealthier professional classes from across Germany
  • Middle classes

4. What were the views of the free conservatives?

  • Similar to the conservatives, Strong Supporters of Bismarck and protectionism (i.e the state should protect German business with tariffs)
  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy
  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
  • Believed in a strong nation state

5. Who did the conservatives represent?

  • Working classes
  • Industrial middle class, Protestant middle class
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Middle classes

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