POLITICAL ORGANISATIONS 1900-1914

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1. What were the views of the national liberals?

  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy
  • Nationlist; Believed in a strong nation state and encouragement of a state with a liberal constitution; supported Bismarck's attack on the Catholic Church, the Kulturkampf, political allies of the Conservative parties
  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
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2. Who did the liberal progressives represent?

  • Middle classes
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Industrial middle class, protestant middle class

3. Who did the Centre Party represent?

  • Middle classes
  • Catholic Church and its members, based in the south, support from non-socialist working class and middle and lower middle class interests
  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.

4. What were the views of the free conservatives?

  • Opposed Bismarck's attack on the catholic church
  • Similar to the conservatives, Strong Supporters of Bismarck and protectionism (i.e the state should protect German business with tariffs)
  • Supported the Kaiser, discipline and authority, in favour of a nationalist foreign policy
  • Believed in a strong nation state

5. Who did the conservatives represent?

  • Junkers, landed interests, especially in Prussia.
  • Industrial middle class, Protestant middle class
  • Middle classes
  • Working classes

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