Political Parties - Unit 1

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What is a political party?
a group of people organized for the purpose of winning government power, by putting candidates up for election and hoping to gain a majority to form government.
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List three functions of political parties
any three from: Representation / Policy formulation / Recruitment of leaders / Organization of Government / Participation and mobilization of the electorate
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Define `Catch-all Parties`
a party that develops policies that will appeal to the widest range of voters, by contrast with a programmatic party
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List three features of a Programmatic Party
any three from: Ideological / Long-term goals / fixed values / shape public opinion / traditional policies / class-based support / strong activist base
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why has the effectiveness of recruiting and training party leaders been questioned? 2 things
1 - as government leaders are recruited from the ranks of the majority party in the HOC, they rely on a relatively small pool of talent, 2 - electioneering and other party activities may be poor training for running a large government department
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in what ways to parties encourage participation? 2 ways
1- provide opportunities for citizens to join political parties and therefore help shape party policy, 2 - help educate / mobilise the electorate through a range of activities like canvassing, public meetings, advertising and poster campaigns, party
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what percentage of voters claimed to have a very strong attachment to a party in 1964?
44%
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How are Liberal Democrat leaders elected
candidates need to be supported by at least 10% of the parliamentary party as well as 200 party members drawn from at least 20 constituencies. the election is decided by all individual members of the Liberal Democrats in a postal ballot
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what is a two party system
a system dominated by two major parties that have a roughly equal prospect of winning government power.
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define left-wing
political ideas are based on generally optimistic views about human nature and favour social change; left wingers tend to support liberty, equality and state intervention
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Name the phases of party ideology post 1945 (4)
post-war social democracy / thatcherism / post-Thatcherite consensus / ideas and policies in the `age of austerity`
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what are the three defining values of conservatism?
tradition / human imperfection / hierarchy and authority
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Define social justice
a morally justifiable distribution of wealth, usually implying a desire to reduce material inequalities (rather than absolute equality)
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Name the "five giants" attacked in the Beveridge report
1) want (poverty) 2) disease (illness) 3) ignorance (lack of education) 4) Squalor (poor housing) 5) idleness (unemployment)
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Define privatisation
the selling off of nationalized industries and other state assets, transferring them from the public to the private sector
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Name the central themes of `economic Thatcherism`
Privatization / Reduced union power / Low taxes / deregulation
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Name the central themes of `social Thatcherism`
`Tough` law and order / traditional values / national patriotism
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Name the chief themes of New Labour
Market economics / constitutional reform / `Third Way` welfare / strengthening responsibility
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What did leading members of the 2010 coalition blame `Labour`s Debt Crisis` on?
What they refer to as Brown`s Recession - reckless and irresponsible levels of public spending by Labour governments since 2001
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In the 2010 spending review, how much was going to be cut from government spending?
£81 billion
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In what way is David Cameron a relation to the Queen?
Fifth cousin twice removed
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Define social-liberalism
a commitment to social welfare designed to promote equal opportunities and help individuals help themselves
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What role did Ed Miliband play within the Labour party following the general election win in 1997
he was Brown`s speech writer and special advisor at the treasury
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Define fiscal stimulus - and what party is this associated with
associated with the Labour party, a fiscal stimulus is a policy aimed at promoting economic growth by allowing government spending to exceed tax revenues
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

List three functions of political parties

Back

any three from: Representation / Policy formulation / Recruitment of leaders / Organization of Government / Participation and mobilization of the electorate

Card 3

Front

Define `Catch-all Parties`

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

List three features of a Programmatic Party

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why has the effectiveness of recruiting and training party leaders been questioned? 2 things

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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