Political Parties

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What does partisan mean?
Affiliating yourself with an ideology
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How did political parties in the USA begin life?
As umbrella groups
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When did groups start becoming more partisan?
In the 1970s
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What did the pew research centre discover in 2012?
That there was an 18 point difference between the parties
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Before 2012 what was the average disparity level between the parties?
10
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What does the pew research show?
Growing partisanship and separation between parties
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Which is the more liberal party?
The Democrats
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Which party supports welfare provision?
The Democrats
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Give evidence of the Democrats supporting welfare provision
Obamacare
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Which party stands for gun control?
The Democrats
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Give evidence of the Democrat party being pro-gun control
Obama's recent 2016 gun control policy
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What does Obama's new gun control policy do?
Ensures that gun sellers profile their customers and run background checks before selling them the gun
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Which party supports affirmative action?
The Democrats
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Give an example of the Democrats supporting affirmative action
Obama's support in the Fischer v University of Texas case
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How can the Democrats foreign policy be described?
As like a "dove"
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Give an example of the Democrats acting like a "dove" towards foreign policy
In their withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan
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How many African Americans voted for Obama in 2008?
96%
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How many African Americans voted for Obama in 2012?
93%
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What percentage of those earning under $30,000 voted for Obama?
57%
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What percentage of under 30s voted for Obama in 2010?
55%
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What percentage of Union members voted for Obama in 2010?
6%
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What percentage of women voted for Obama in the mid-terms?
52%
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What percentage of Latinos voted for Obama in 2008?
71%
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What percentage of Latinos voted for Obama in 2012?
27%
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What is a fiscal conservative?
Conservative over monetary issues e.g. controlling the deficit etc
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What party do Fiscal Conservatives belong to?
The Republican party
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How many Republicans voted in favour of Paul Ryan's budget?
All
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What was Cain's 999 policy?
Herman Cain's main economic policy in the nomination process for presidency
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Who is speaker of the house?
Paul Ryan
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Who was the last speaker of the house?
John Boehner
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Why did John Boehner resign?
Forced resignation after he was heavily criticized for not being critical enough over planned parenthood
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What is a social conservative?
Someone who takes a conservative stance over social issues
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Which party do many social conservatives belong to?
The Republicans
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Which party are anti-gay marriage?
The Republicans
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Which party is mainly pro-gay marriage?
The Democrats
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Which party repealed the policy of "don't ask don't tell"?
The Republicans
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What was the policy of "don't ask, don't tell"?
The policy whereby, due to the fact that openly gay men previously could not join the military, many people simply did not state their sexuality.
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Which party supports the DOMA?
The Republicans
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What is DOMA?
The Defence of Marriage Act
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What has DOMA been used to do?
Try and prevent gay marriage
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Which party is pro-life?
The Republicans
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Which party is pro-choice?
The Democrats
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Which party is anti-immigration reform?
The Republicans
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Which is the Republicans main voting group?
White middle class men
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What voting group do the Republicans always tend to win?
The over 65s
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What percentage of the over 65s did Romney win?
56%
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What percentage of the over 65s did McCain win?
53%
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Why would rural voters support the Republican party?
Because they are against gun control and for loose environmental protection
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Why would business owners vote for the Republicans?
Because they want low tax and limited business regulations
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What fraction of people say that they are affiliated with the catholic church in America?
1/5
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Why might religious voters support the Republicans?
Because of their social conservatism
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What kind of a Republican is a Tea Party member?
A neo-con, very far right
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What percentage of the American electorate is latino?
16%
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What percentage of the American population is Hispanic?
17%
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What percentage of the electorate in 2012 was white?
72%
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What percentage of the electorate in 2012 was of a minority?
28%
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Roughly what percentage of the white vote did Romney win in 2012?
60%
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What percentage of Republicans consider themselves Tea Party members?
48%
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What percentage of registered voters said they support the Republican party?
29%
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What percentage of the 2012 electorate said that they strongly support the Tea Party?
10%
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Give some examples of national minor parties
Reform party, Libertarian party and Green party
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Give some examples of regional parties
States Rights Party and American Independent Party
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Give some examples of issues-based third parties?
Green Party and Prohibition Party
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Give some examples of ideological parties
Socialist party and Libertarian party
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Give some examples of temporary parties
Reform party and American Independent party
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What party system do they have in the US?
A two party system
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What is a two party system?
Where at least 90% of voters vote for one of two parties
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What does the two party system mean for minor parties?
It makes it much harder for them to gain success
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Give an example of where a minor party has had success in the elections?
The Tea Party over government regulation
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List the seven barriers against the success of minor parties
FPTP, ballot requirements, lack of resources, lack of media coverage, suffer from a lack of well-known qualified candidates, the fact that major parties portray minor parties as extremist and straight ticket voting.
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What is FPTP?
The first past the post voting system
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Why does FPTP prevent minor parties from having success?
Because it is a majoritarian voting system and so you only get one vote and the winner takes all. You may not want to waste your vote on a party that won't win. Also many wasted votes may have been for minor parties
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What are ballot requirements?
Where each individual state can choose the candidate requirements for nomination.
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Give an example of a ballot requirement
In New York 50,000 signatures are needed per candidate.
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How many signatures are required in Tennessee?
500
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Who was Alan Keyes?
An independent candidate in 2008
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How much did Alan Keyes raise in 2008?
$20,000
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How much did Obama raise in 2012?
$716 million
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Who is James Stockdale?
A military personnel who ran as Ross Perot's independent VP in 1992
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What is James Stockdale a good example of?
Minor parties suffering from a lack of well known and qualified candidates
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Give an example of the main parties portraying other parties as extremist?
Handing out badges which said "if you love Hitler, you'll love George Wallace"
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What is straight ticket voting?
Where, in some states in an election, due to the fact you have to elect a number of positions, you can have the option of selecting a box which chooses all Republican or Democrat candidates
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Why does straight ticket voting prevent minor parties from having success?
Because the option is not given for minor party candidates, many people do not see those candidates and it is easier just to select this option.
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In 1968 what percentage of the electorate did George Wallace win?
13%
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In 1968 how many electoral college votes did George Wallace win?
46
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What was independent candidate Ross Perot's main policy?
To solve the budget deficit
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In 1992 what percentage of the popular vote did Ross Perot win?
19%
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In 1992 how many electoral college votes did Ross Perot win?
0
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Give examples of successful minor party candidates
Ross Perot and George Wallace
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What role did political parties originally play in the US?
Offered immigrants a place to belong and they came to the ais of immigra
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did political parties in the USA begin life?

Back

As umbrella groups

Card 3

Front

When did groups start becoming more partisan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the pew research centre discover in 2012?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Before 2012 what was the average disparity level between the parties?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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