Political Key Terms

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State
The State is a name for institutions that administer a country. They are non-political and are permanent. A state refers to a country whose government’s jurisdiction over a territory is recognized by other states.
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Government
Can refer to the process of organizing the state and giving it political direction. Also refers to the institutions that apply political principles to the running of the state. / The activity of governing or to the institutions that make up the centr
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Rule of Law
All citizens should be treated equally under the law, including the government itself. Also means that every citizen is entitled to due process of law and a fair trail.
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Consent
People who are to be governed consent to the system of government, which has been set up over them.
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Legitimacy
The degree to which the government can be considered to have the right to exercise power. It can be claimed to be legitimate if it has a valid claim to rule.
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Power
The ability of an individual or an institution to force people to do things. Strongest form: coercion, weakest: influence.
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Sovereignty
Ultimate political power and the source of all political authority.
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Democracy
A system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.
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Citizenship
Member of the political community has certain rights with respect to political institutions. It also implies that an individual has the right to live within a particular state and thus enjoy all its rights and benefits. Also it implies a certain leve
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Political Participation
: Opportunities for and tendencies of the people to become involved in the political process. Minimum level: voting, highest level: standing for public office.
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E-democracy or digital democracy
Various methods by which political opinion and demands are expressed through the use of the internet. It can involve the use of e-petitions, forums, networks or blogs.
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Direct democracy
A political system or circumstances where the people themselves make key political decisions. E.g. Ancient Anthens.
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Referendums
A popular vote where the people are asked to determine an important political or constitutional issue directly.
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Representative democracy
A political system where most decisions are made by the elected representatives rather than the people themselves. People are represented by individuals and associations who communicate their demands and interests to decision makers.
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Representation
The political idea is that people elect or appoint representatives to make decision on their behalf, rather than making them themselves. On a social level it implies that political institution should have a membership that is broadly a social cross-
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Can refer to the process of organizing the state and giving it political direction. Also refers to the institutions that apply political principles to the running of the state. / The activity of governing or to the institutions that make up the centr

Back

Government

Card 3

Front

All citizens should be treated equally under the law, including the government itself. Also means that every citizen is entitled to due process of law and a fair trail.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

People who are to be governed consent to the system of government, which has been set up over them.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The degree to which the government can be considered to have the right to exercise power. It can be claimed to be legitimate if it has a valid claim to rule.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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