Political instability and extremism, 1919-24

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Berlin Spartacist uprising
Jan. 1919
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Second Berlin Spartacist uprising
March 1919
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Strike wave in Halle and the Ruhr
April 1919
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Hugo Hasse's assasination
Oct 1919
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Kapp Putsch
Feb. 1920
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Disbanded Friekorps troops march to Berlin
March 12th 1920
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Workers revolts in Saxony and Thuringia
April 1920
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USPD join w/ the KPD
Dec. 1920
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Matthias Erzberger's assasination
August 1921
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Walter Rathenau's assasination
June 1922
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Communist led revolt in Saxony
Oct. 1923
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Beer Hall Putsch
Nov. 1923
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Nazi soldiers fail to take over the army barracks in Munich
10th Nov. 1923
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Hitler arrested
11th Nov. 1923
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What were the aims of the Spartacist uprising?
Wanted Communist Ger.,
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Who led the Spartacist uprising?
Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg
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Why did the Saxony/Thuringia strike wave fail?
Bad organisation + lack of leadership
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How many political assassinations were there between 1919 and 1923?
376 (354 by the right wing)
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What did the Reichstag do in response to the assasinations?
Created law imposing penalties on murder conspirators + banning extremist organisations
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Why were the Reichstag's measures against the assassinations ineffective?
Many judges were right-wing sympathisers; 326 murders unpunished
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What was Plan 19?
Made by German navy to atone for prev. loss @ Jutland. Abandoned - seen as suicide mission w/ Germans outnumbered
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Who led the troops in the Kapp Putsch?
Wolfgang Kapp + General Luttwitz
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How did Von Seeckt + Ludendorff respond to the Kapp Putsch?
Remained non-committal
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How does Ebert's govt. respond?
Flees, w/ Kapp taking govt.
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How does the left wing respond to Kapp's takeover?
They strike → Kapp govt. fleeing @ Putsch collapse
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How were the right-wing conspirators treated after the Putsch?
Trialing = lenient
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Name one issue with coalition governments in the Weimar Republic.
Since no one party had a majority, they were often unstable.
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What party was part of all coalition Weimar governments from 1919-1923?
Centre Party
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Card 2

Front

March 1919

Back

Second Berlin Spartacist uprising

Card 3

Front

April 1919

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Oct 1919

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Feb. 1920

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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