Politcal Groups

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Social Democratic Workers' Party (SD)
Founded 1898, Committed to Marxism. Split in 1903 into: Bolsheviks - Vladimir Lenin & Mensheviks - Julius Martov
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Socialist Revolutionaries (SR)
Founded in 1901. Led by Viktor Chernov. Favoured populist ideas of redistribution of land and nationalisation. Left of party favoured terrorism to achieve aims.
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Trudoviks (Labour group)
Non-revolutionary breakaway from SR party of moderate liberal views but with no formal Programme. Favoured democratic representation, minimum wage, 8 hour working day, and nationalisation of non-peasant land.
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Kadets (Constitutional Democrats)
Led by Pavel Milyukov. A central liberal party which favoured constitutional monarchy with parliamentary government.
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Octobrists (Union of 17 October)
Leaders included Aleksandr Guchkov. Moderate conservative party that accepted the October manifesto and opposed further concessions to workers or peasants.
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Progressives
Loose group of business men who favoured moderate reform.
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Rightists - Including the Union of the Russian people
Union of Russian People were extremely right wing, favouring monarchism, chauvanism, Orthodoxy, Pan-Slavism and anti-Semitism. Promoted violent attacks on the left wing and pogroms.
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Nationalists and religious groupings
Ukrainians, Polish, Georgians, Muslims - All seeking rights and greater independence.
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Card 2

Front

Founded in 1901. Led by Viktor Chernov. Favoured populist ideas of redistribution of land and nationalisation. Left of party favoured terrorism to achieve aims.

Back

Socialist Revolutionaries (SR)

Card 3

Front

Non-revolutionary breakaway from SR party of moderate liberal views but with no formal Programme. Favoured democratic representation, minimum wage, 8 hour working day, and nationalisation of non-peasant land.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Led by Pavel Milyukov. A central liberal party which favoured constitutional monarchy with parliamentary government.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Leaders included Aleksandr Guchkov. Moderate conservative party that accepted the October manifesto and opposed further concessions to workers or peasants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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