Policies on Education

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  • Created by: J.E.C.
  • Created on: 27-04-14 10:51
What was the name and purpose of the Act introduced in 1870?
Forster's Act - free education up to the age of 10. (elementary schools introduced)
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What was the name and purpose of the act introduced in 1918?
Fischer's Act - Leaving age raised from 12 to 14.
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When was Butler's Education Act introduced and what did it bring?
1944 - created formal state funded - tripartite system - assigned to one of 3 types of school based on 11+ result. Aims for parity of esteem between schools.
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Give 4 of the main criticism of Butler's Education Act?
1.Testing favoured middle-classes. 2. Allocation to Grammar's discriminated against girls. 3.Regional inequalities in availability of grammar schools. 4. Unequal funding to the 3 types of school.
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Give 5 of the main problems associated with the tripartite system?
1. Very few technical's (expensive) 2. Only 20% went on to specialise > uni > well paid jobs 3. 75% of secondary schools were failing 4. Many ended up in SM's regardless of ability 5. Social class divide
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When and why were comprehensive schools introduced? Give 3 of the main problems with the comprehensive system?
1965 - tripartite system not successful in creating equal opportunities. 1. Failed to meet expectations - inhibited by social class - tripartite system remained in some areas. 2. Streaming - created class divide. 3. Previous status =facilities it had
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When was the Education Reform Act and what 7 things did it introduce?
1988. 1. Marketisation 2. Competition 3. Parent choice 4. League tables 5. National Curriculum 6. SAT's at each stage 7. GCSEs
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Give 3 criticisms of the introduction of the National Curriculum?
1. Excludes children at private schools. 2. Too much political control, not enough concern for needs of pupils. 3. Citizenship focused on obligations not rights
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Give 2 criticisms of the introduction of SAT's and League tables?
1. Creates 'sink' schools 2. Information reflects inequalities of wider society - does not do anything about them.
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The Education Reform Act also introduced City Technology Colleges - gives 3 reasons why these were criticised?
1. Location of shool did not reflect home address of pupil. 2. Oversubscribed - selection occurs. 3. Provision is regionally uneven.
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The Education Reform Act also introduced local management of schools - what does this mean and what was the consequence of this?
More power to heads and governors in the way a school spends its money. Reduces power of LA which had be democratically elected.
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As a result of the ERA - governing bodies gave stronger representation to parents, what was the result of this?
Composition weighted in favour of business interests.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the name and purpose of the act introduced in 1918?

Back

Fischer's Act - Leaving age raised from 12 to 14.

Card 3

Front

When was Butler's Education Act introduced and what did it bring?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give 4 of the main criticism of Butler's Education Act?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give 5 of the main problems associated with the tripartite system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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