Poland to UK Migration

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Number of Poles from 2004-2007 who emigrated to UK
500 000
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Push factors from Poland (3)
1) High Unemployment (19%) 2) Low average wages about 1/3 of avg. EU wage. 3) Housing shortages
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Pull factors to UK (3)
1) Ease of migration after Poland became EU in 2004. Unlimited EU migration allowed. 2) High wages and more work available. 3) Good exchange rate to send money back homes and make big difference.
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Economic Impacts in Poland
Shortage of workers temporarily slowed Polish economy. But was boosted by when emigrants sent back money. (£3bn in 2006)
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Social Impacts in Poland
Most emigrants are young. This leaves ageing population but also less demand on housing and there is also less unemployment.
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Economic Impacts in UK
Immigration boosted UK economy despite the fact money is sent home. Polish workers pay taxes that help support ageing UK population.
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Social Impacts in UK
Some are unhappy about large number of Polish immigrants and worry about cultural erosion.
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Political Impacts in UK
Politician changed policy on allowing unlimited migration.
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Environmental impacts on world
More air traffic between Poland and UK has meant more greenhouse gases meaning worse global warming.
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How has UK changed how it manages migration?
Worker's registration scheme: can still come but have to register under this if they want to work. UK Border Agency monitor number of immigrants and what work they're doing and effect on UK economy.
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Complaints of too many Polish migrants led to
Government tightening control of migration from newer EU states e.g. Bulgaria and Romania have to get permission from home office to work in UK. Only granted for some types of jobs.
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Card 2

Front

Push factors from Poland (3)

Back

1) High Unemployment (19%) 2) Low average wages about 1/3 of avg. EU wage. 3) Housing shortages

Card 3

Front

Pull factors to UK (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Economic Impacts in Poland

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Social Impacts in Poland

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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