Poetry Terminology

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1. Masculine rhyme

  • A line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem. usually after every stanza
  • A rhyme that occurs in the final stressed syllable
  • A rhyme that occurs in the final unstressed syllable (eg. pleasure and leisure)
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2. Pastoral

  • When the rhythm of a poem is soft and soothing like a piece of music
  • A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealised way.
  • A late 18th century-early 19th century movement that placed emphasis on the subjective personal experience of the individual. Nature used as a prominent theme.

3. Trope

  • A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another
  • A figure of speech, such as a metaphor, in which words are not used in their literal meaning, but in a figurative way
  • When words, ideas and things represent concepts beyond the literal

4. Elegy

  • A figure of speech, such as a metaphor, in which words are not used in their literal meaning, but in a figurative sense
  • A poem that laments the death of somebody
  • A poetic image or metaphor where someone is likened to something else that is seemingly very different

5. Free verse

  • Poems composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter
  • Any poem with a set rhyme or meter scheme
  • A type of metrical foot

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