Poetry

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Sonnet form
Traditional set external structure. Change presented usually in line 9. Always 14 lines.
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Petrarchan Sonnet (Italian)
1. Octave - abba abba. 2. Sestet - cde cde or cdc cdc (no exceptions). Change in line 9
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Shakespearean Sonnet
3 quatrains - 4 lines + a couplet (two lines that have end-rhymes)an Abab, cdcd, efef
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Hybrid Sonnet
Combination. Often ab, ab, cd, cd, ef, g, efg
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Run-on-lines
Lines that are not end stopped. Effect ambiguous depending on the poem.
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End-rhymes
Rhymes at the end of the verse lines
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In-rhymes
Rhymes inside the verselines
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Alliteration
Continuous use of letter, e.g. birds, bush
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Personfication
Giving inanimate objects human actions, e.g the sun does arise
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Assonance
Words with the same vowel sounds, e.g oak, old, folk
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Pre-lapsarian
Before the fall, a figurative name for the stage in which the child has maintained its innocence
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Post-lapsarian
After the fall, a figurative name for the stage in which the child has lost its innocence
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Cross-rhymes
If rhyming scheme is ABAB
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Couplets
If rhyming scheme is AA, BB
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Ballad form
When a poem has 4 lines with couplets or cross-rhymes
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Consonance sounds
Use of audial imagery
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Plosive
Harsh sounds using lips, buh, puh... e.g. bat
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Sibilance
's' sounds, e.g. mister, sister, hiss, miss
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Nasals
'm', 'n', 'ng'
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Cacophony
harsh, unpleasant, discordant sounds
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Euphony
soft, pleasant sounds.. as a lullaby
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Enjambment
When a sentence is continued into the next line without a punctuation. Often used to suggest fast movement or action
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S.M.I.L.E.
Structure, Meaning, Imagery, Language, Effect
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1. Octave - abba abba. 2. Sestet - cde cde or cdc cdc (no exceptions). Change in line 9

Back

Petrarchan Sonnet (Italian)

Card 3

Front

3 quatrains - 4 lines + a couplet (two lines that have end-rhymes)an Abab, cdcd, efef

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Combination. Often ab, ab, cd, cd, ef, g, efg

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Lines that are not end stopped. Effect ambiguous depending on the poem.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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