Poetic Terminology

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Allusion
Unacknowledged references and quotes that the poet assumes the reader will know of (Well known)
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Esoteric
References the poet mentions that only a small number of people will know about - rather vague
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Anaphora
Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of each line
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Blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter - e.g. Shakespeare
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Caesura
Short, definite pauses used for impact
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Diction
Can be formal diction - elaborate (the Rime), neutral (Auden) or informal diction (parts of Auden)
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End-stopped line
A line in poetry ending in a full-stop for dramatic effect
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Enjambment
Line having no punctuation at the end and therefore continuing onto the next line
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Hyperbole
Overstatement; an exaggeration
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Image
Used to trigger the mind - e.g. Musee Des Beaux Arts
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Internal rhyme
Rhyme used in the same sentence/line
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Metaphysical Conceit
Elaborate and extended metaphor/simile that links two unrelated things together
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Onomatopoeia
Pronunciation of the word sounds like what it is
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Paradox
A contradiction that is seemingly true
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Sestet
Six-line stanza of poetry
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Synaesthesia
Describes one sense and appeals to another
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Syntax
Word order and sentence structure
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Quatrain
Four-lined stanza
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Refrain
Stanza that is repeated
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Archaism
Words from a long time ago - "eftsoons" is an example
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Closure
Effect of completeness - lack of this in the Rime
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Organic Form
Poetry should create its own form should not follow a mechanical form
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Neoplatonism
Creation of a sort of cosmic Soul; beautiful and inhabited by spirits
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Sibilance
Harsh words all starting with similar sounds, e.g. "s", "sh" or nasal "m" and "n", or fricatives "f", or plosives "p" "t"
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Sublime
Awe-inspiring natural scenery, compensatory feeling in which the mind recognises its own immensity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

References the poet mentions that only a small number of people will know about - rather vague

Back

Esoteric

Card 3

Front

Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of each line

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Unrhymed iambic pentameter - e.g. Shakespeare

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Short, definite pauses used for impact

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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