Poetic Terms

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  • Created by: tilly9348
  • Created on: 04-10-18 18:43
Alliteration
Use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
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Assonance
The repetition of similar or identical vowel sounds in words which follow one another
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Connotation
A word that conjures up other meanings or sparks thoughts of something else has “connotations”. For example, the word “white” has connotations of purity, peace, good, innocence, and cleanliness.
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Consonance
The repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession
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Content
Is simply what the poem is about – its themes and storyline
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Enjambment
When a sentence runs from one line of poetry into the next line without any punctuation marks. Enjambment (run on lines) help to emphasise meaning or excitement
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Emotive Language
Is words and phrases that cause an emotional response in the reader
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Form
Is how the poem is structured and organised. What are the effects of this particular shape? For example in a sonnet the poet confines thoughts and feeling into fourteen lines
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Hyperbole
This term describes exaggeration used for rhetorical effect. It is not meant to be taken literally, but it is used to make a point particularly forcefully
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Imabic Pentameter
It uses ten syllables with emphasis on every other syllable, giving it a distinctive, lilting rhythm, sounding like this: “de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM-de-DUM”.
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Imagery
The pictures in the poem. Sometimes poets use comparisons to help us more clearly understand what is being said.
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Metre
The basic rhythmic structure of a verse
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Metaphor
A figure of speech describing one thing directly as another and not using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’.
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Mood
Refers to the atmosphere in the poem and is closely linked to the tone.
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Onomatopoeia
When words imitate sound, eg. ‘snap’, ‘crackle’, ‘pop’.
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Octave/Octet
An octave/octet is verse form consisting of eight lines, which ends with a contrasting sestet
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Pathetic fallacy
A literary device in which human emotions are attributed to aspects of nature, such as the weather
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Personification
A figure of speech which endows animals, ideas, or inanimate objects with human traits or abilities
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Repetition
Poets often add emphasis to what they are describing by using words with similar meanings several times.
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Rhyme
The use of words with matching sounds, usually at the end of the line.
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Rhythm
This is the beat or pace of the words. It can be regular or irregular, slow or fast, depending on the effect the poet wants to create
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Rhyme scheme
The sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first end sound is represented as the letter "a", the second is "b",
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Sestet
A verse form consisting of six lines which is preceded by a contrasting octave/octet.
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Simile
Figure of speech when one thing is said to be like another.
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Sibilance
‘S’ ‘Z’ ‘SH’ sounds repeated. A type of Alliteration
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Sonnet
A lyric poem of fixed form: fourteen lines of iambic pentameter rhymed, usually associated with the theme of love.
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Stanza
A section of a poem, sometimes called a verse
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Symbol
When a word, phrase or image ‘stands for’ or evokes a complex set of ideas, the meaning of which is determined by the surrounding context
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Tone
This is the tone of the voice that we can imagine when reading poem
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Volta
A shift or dramatic change in thought and/or emotion
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Voice
This is the speaker in the poem, either the poet’s own voice or a character created by the poet.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The repetition of similar or identical vowel sounds in words which follow one another

Back

Assonance

Card 3

Front

A word that conjures up other meanings or sparks thoughts of something else has “connotations”. For example, the word “white” has connotations of purity, peace, good, innocence, and cleanliness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is simply what the poem is about – its themes and storyline

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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