Poem forms

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Ballad/Lyrical
a poem narrating a story in short stanzas, typically with an unknown authorship, as it has been passed orally from generations. Stanzas are typically altering lines of iambic tertrameter.
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Couplet
a pair of successive lines of verse, typically rhyming and og the same lenght.
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Cinquain
a five live stanza, doesn't usually have a rhyme scheme.
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Dramatic monologue
in the form of speech or narative, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their character. Can reveal a characters thoughts and feelings. Theatrical quality.
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Elegy
serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead. Mournful, melancholy or plaintive poem. Sorrow, but can also included praises of the person.
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Epic
a long, narrative peom usually about heroic events or deeds, intense adventure and heroic feats.
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Epigram
a short poem, an especially satirical one, with witty or ingeneous endings. Concise, clever, and can be paradoxical.
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Epistle
a poem in the form of a letter.
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Free verse
an open form, no meter patterns or rhymes, tends to follow the pattern of regular speech.
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Ghazal
a lyrical poem with a fixed number of verses and repeated rhyme. Typically on love; either pain of seperation or beauty in love. Five to fifteen couplets, lines of equal lenghts. Originated in arabic.
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Ode
a lyrical poem typically adressing someone, elevated style, expressing emotion.
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Quatrain
a stanza of four lines, and having alternative rhymes.
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Rondeau
Ten to thirteen, only two rhymes throughout, iwth the opening words used twice, as a refrain. Renaissance french poetry.
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Sestet
a group of six lines, especially the last six lines fo a sonnet.
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Sonnet
a poem of fourteen lines, using a formal rhyme scheme, typically having 10 syllables per line.
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Petrarchan sonnet
an octave with teh rhyme scheme abbaabba, and sestet with the rhyme scheme cedced or cdcdcd.
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Tercet
a three lines stanza, or poem that contains a rhyme, rhyme together of with another tercet.
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Villanelle
a pastoral or lyrical poam of nineteen lines, two rhymes throughout and some lines are repeated.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a pair of successive lines of verse, typically rhyming and og the same lenght.

Back

Couplet

Card 3

Front

a five live stanza, doesn't usually have a rhyme scheme.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

in the form of speech or narative, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their character. Can reveal a characters thoughts and feelings. Theatrical quality.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead. Mournful, melancholy or plaintive poem. Sorrow, but can also included praises of the person.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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