Plato: a Dualist view

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As Plato is a dualist, he suggests that the soul is...
...distinct from the body.
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The soul is immortal whereas the body is...
...mortal.
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At death, the soul is...
...set free to the realm of the forms.
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How does Plato describe a human person?
A soul imprisoned in a body.
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He writes about the body and soul in his book called...
...Phaedo.
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Where does Plato argue that real knowledge of the forms come from?
The soul.
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Plato suggests that when we learn, what we are actually doing is...
...recalling the knowledge that our soul has from being in the realm of the forms before it was incarnated into our bodies.
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Why can Plato's view of the body be seen as negative?
He believes that the body distracts the soul from seeking knowledge of the world of forms.
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He suggests that a true philosopher avoids any...
...distraction from the body and concentrates all his or her energy on gaining knowledge of the forms.
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Plato's chariot analogy illustrates the divide between...
..the soul's desire and the desire of the body.
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Plato compares the soul to a chariot driver trying to direct...
...the mind (one horse) and the body (the other).
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Both horses (the mind and the body) pull in different directions but the soul tries to...
...direct them to make them work in harmony.
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Plato describes the soul as...
...simple and without parts.
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This means that the soul cannot be divided or....
...split up into different sections.
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However, when Plato talks about the soul in the body, he describes it as...
...complex.
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This is because he believes that the soul has different...
...aspects.
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How can Plato's soul be compared to a diamond?
Like a diamond, Plato's soul is complex but cannot be broken down into parts.
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What is the argument from knowledge?
Platos' belief that learning is remembering what the soul has previously known in the world of the forms
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What example does Plato give to help explain his argument from knowledge?
Equals.
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He points out that no one has ever seen the form of equals but that does not stop us from...
...recognising and using the concept of equals to apply to many different things.
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This shows that his evidence for the argument from knowledge is that people come to understand something...
...that they recognise to be true.
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What is the argument from opposites?
The idea that the physical world logically consists of opposites (like light is considered light because it is the opposite of dark).
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Logically, life must come from...
..death.
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Therefore, there must be an existence of ...
...the non-physical part of someone (soul).
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How does Geach reject Plato's argument from knowledge?
As only a disembodied soul can exist in the realm of the forms, it is impossible for them to experience the forms in a way that is empirically recognisable considering that seeing is a process linked to the senses so cannot happen without a body.
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Secondly, for man people, learning is concerned with acquiring new knowledge rather than simply...
...remembering.
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The argument from opposites is often challenged as it is based on the assumption...
...that everything in existence logically has an opposite.
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For example: there is no opposite of a...
..tree (but it still exists).
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Plato's theory also relies heavily on the supposed existence of...
...the realm of the forms.
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If the realm of the forms doesn't exist...
..neither does Plato's soul.
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Card 2

Front

The soul is immortal whereas the body is...

Back

...mortal.

Card 3

Front

At death, the soul is...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Plato describe a human person?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

He writes about the body and soul in his book called...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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