Plato

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What is the metaphysical world?
An external world which is more real than the world we experience
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How are the Forms set out?
In a hierarchy
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What is at the top of the hierarchy?
The Form of the Good
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How do we know the perfect Forms?
Through anamnesis- The soul lives in the metaphysical world before we are born so we know what things should be like
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What is the empirical world?
The physical world that we live in
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What is the only thing that the prisoners can see in the Analogy of the Cave?
Images of images
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What do the prisoners represent in the Analogy of the Cave?
Atheists
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What does the prisoner that leaves the cave represent?
The soul returning to the metaphysical realm
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What is the Analogy of the Cave saying about the body and soul?
The body is a prison where the soul is trapped
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What happens when the prisoner is set free in the Analogy of the Cave?
He can see the real world and draw conclusions from it that are true
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Why did David Hume and A J Ayer reject metaphysics?
They are nonsense because by definition you cannot know about things that are beyond the senses
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What did Richard Swinburne say about a metaphysical universe?
The universe cannot explain itself and a metaphysical cause is likely. We shouldn't rule out a metaphysical existence
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What are three criticisms of the Theory of the Forms?
Things cannot have a perfect form, The Forms are not specific enough, The Form of the good isn't something people can agree on
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are the Forms set out?

Back

In a hierarchy

Card 3

Front

What is at the top of the hierarchy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do we know the perfect Forms?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the empirical world?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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