Plato

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What is the Form of the Good
Represents ultimate deity/God
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What does the sun represent in the Cave Allegory?
The Form of the Good
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What are the strengths of the Cave Allegory?
Helps us to understand world's imperfections, encourages people not to accept things at face value, shows philosophy's way of helping to attain "true knowledge"
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What are the weaknesses of the Cave Allegory?
No evidence, elitist (only philosophers access)m no universal form of good
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What is the Third Man Argument?
Form needed to explain something → form needed to explain prev. form → form needed to explain that form, etc...
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What do the prisoners represent in the Cave Allegory?
Humanity
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What does the cave represent in the Cave Allegory?
Our bodies that obscure reality
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What does the outside world represent in the Cave Allegory?
The world of the Forms
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What do the shadows represent in the Cave Allegory?
Humanity seeing objects not as they truly are
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What is the theory of the forms?
Dualist theory - Realm of Senses (changing), Realm of Forms (unchanging, knew pre-birth)
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Give an example of the Theory of the Forms.
Table - form exists in Realm of Forms, knew a table as we knew its form, vut no table in RoF = "true form"
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How does Plato describe the Form of the Good in The Republic?
“…the cause of all that is correct and beautiful in anything… in the intelligible realm it controls and provides truth and understanding.”
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Card 2

Front

What does the sun represent in the Cave Allegory?

Back

The Form of the Good

Card 3

Front

What are the strengths of the Cave Allegory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the weaknesses of the Cave Allegory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the Third Man Argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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