Plant Transport

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How is sugar made in the leaves?
Photosynthesis
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What is sugar stored as?
Starch
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By what structure is sugar carried in to other parts of plants?
Phloem
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Water is required for what process in plants?
Photosynthesis
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By what structure is water carried to leaves in?
Xylem
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Mineral ions are absorbed by the roots by...
Active transport
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Carbon dioxide is required for what chemical process in plants?
Photosynthesis
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Which substances are produced by photosynthesis?
Oxygen and glucose
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How do gases get in and out of the leaves?
By diffusion through stomata
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What are the three structures that only plant cells have?
Chloroplasts, large permanent vacuole, cell wall
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What does the phloem transport?
Sugars and amino acids
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What does the xylem transport?
Water and minerals
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What do root hairs do?
Increase surface area for water absorption and mineral uptake
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Is the xylem a continuous tube or divided tube?
Continuous
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Is the phloem a continuous tube or a divide tube?
Divided
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What materials are in the walls of xylem?
Lignin and cellulose
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What is the purpose of lignin in the xylem walls?
To stiffen cell wall
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What material is in phloem walls?
Cellulose
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What is the direction of flow of substances in the xylem?
Upwards
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What is the direction of flow of substances in the phloem?
Up and down
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What is the name given to the movement of water through a plant from root to stem to leaf and out into the atmosphere?
Transpiration
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What apparatus is used to measure the rate of water uptake?
Potometer
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What is the name given to the '**** up' of water in the xylem vessel, caused by water loss in the leaves?
Transpiration pull
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How does water pass into a root hair cell?
Osmosis
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How does water pass from the root hair cell to the xylem?
Osmosis
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Where does water enter the leaf?
Mid rib
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What 4 factors affect the rate of transpiration?
Light intensity, temperature, humidity, wind/air movement
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is sugar stored as?

Back

Starch

Card 3

Front

By what structure is sugar carried in to other parts of plants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Water is required for what process in plants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

By what structure is water carried to leaves in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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