PILIAVIN STUDY

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Who was Kitty Genovese?
Kitty Genovese was living in New York in 1964 when she was stabbed near her home. There were 38 witnesses who knew her by face and didn't go to help her. This happened at 3am and the police wasn't called until 3.50am.
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What is the big idea in Piliavin and what does it mean?
Diffusion of responsibility is when no one helps because people think that someone else will do it. The bigger the group size, the less likely you are going to get help and the less people in the group the more likely you will get help.
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What does bystander effect mean?
Observing that there are many people to help so the likelihood of getting help is low.
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What does pluralistic ignorance mean?
A factor of helping behaviour when someone sees that people aren't helping and so they think no help is needed. They believe the situation is harmless.
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What does altruism mean?
Altruism is when you help someone with 'no strings attached' - you don't expect any reward back.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims.
H1. An
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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Give the participants.Size? Gender? Race? etc...
Opportunity sample in the train carriage in New York subway for 2 months. From 11am
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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Give the participants.Size? Gender? Race? etc...
Opportunity sample in the train carriage, in New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm weekdays. 4450 ps (55%white & 45% black).
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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Give the participants.Size? Gender? Race? etc...
Opportunity sample in the train carriage, in New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm weekdays. 4450 ps (55%white & 45% black).
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What does independent groups mean?
The participants were only going into 1 condition not both.
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What was good about the time and days for the experimenters advantages?
The
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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Give the participants.Size? Gender? Race? etc...
Opportunity sample in the train carriage, in New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm weekdays. 4450 ps (55%white & 45% black).
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What does independent groups mean?
The participants were only going into 1 condition not both.
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What was good about the time and days for the experimenters advantages?
The did it at a time where most commuters would be using the train and so there won't be a repeat of ps.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that lead to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% b
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was an advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What was the location of the carriage?
8th Avenue Line: 59th street to 125th street that lasted 7.5 minutes and had no stops.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What was the location of the carriage?
8th Avenue Line: 59th street to 125th street that lasted 7.5 minutes and had no stops.
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Why did the experiment have no stops on the carriage?
So there is no right to withdraw and there wouldn't be people getting on and off the train as that would be hard to record and things would be missed. Also, depending on how many people would
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What was the location of the carriage?
8th Avenue Line: 59th street to 125th street that lasted 7.5 minutes and had no stops.
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Why did the experiment have no stops on the carriage?
So there is no right to withdraw and there wouldn't be people getting on and off the train as that would be hard to record and things would be missed. Also, depending on how many people would get on the train due to if they could get the fall or not.
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Give the procedure.
The 2 males would be the drunk or ill. The drunk would carry
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What was the location of the carriage?
8th Avenue Line: 59th street to 125th street that lasted 7.5 minutes and had no stops.
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Why did the experiment have no stops on the carriage?
So there is no right to withdraw and there wouldn't be people getting on and off the train as that would be hard to record and things would be missed. Also, depending on how many people would get on the train due to if they could get the fall or not.
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Give the procedure.
The 2 males would be the drunk or ill. The drunk would carry a bottle wrapped in a brown paper bag and smell of alcohol.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging people.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesises.
H1. An ill person would receive more help than a drunk person. 2H. would there be enthnocentric behaviour - help someone in own race more. 3H. The intervention of confederates would influence others' behaviours. 4H. The size would affect the D.O.R.
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Give the design.
A field experiment that was covert and a participant observation.
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What does independent groups mean?
That the participants would only be going into one condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55%white & 45% black) on a New York subway for 2 months. From 11am to 3pm on weekdays.
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What was a advantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be no commuters so the people wouldn't be repeating the experiment.
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What was a disadvantage to the days and times they conducted the experiment?
There would be a specific type of person.
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How many people, on average, would've been on the carriage?
43, 8.5 in critical area.
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What was the location of the carriage?
8th Avenue Line: 59th street to 125th street that lasted 7.5 minutes and had no stops.
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Why did the experiment have no stops on the carriage?
So there is no right to withdraw and there wouldn't be people getting on and off the train as that would be hard to record and things would be missed. Also, depending on how many people would get on the train due to if they could get the fall or not.
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Give the procedure.
The 2 males would be the drunk or ill. The drunk would carry a bottle wrapped in a brown paper bag and smell of alcohol.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - pre-judgement.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person g
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be enthnocentric behaviour - races.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
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Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
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Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
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Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
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What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
195 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
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What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
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What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
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What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of ep
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What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
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What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
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Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
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Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
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Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
205 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
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What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
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Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
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What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
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What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
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Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 mn
211 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
212 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
213 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
214 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
215 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
216 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
217 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
218 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
219 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
220 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
221 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
222 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
223 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
224 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
225 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
226 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
227 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
228 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
229 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
230 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
231 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
232 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
233 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
234 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
235 of 320
Give the procedure.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. The 2 males would act these out. The drunk would carry bottle of alcohol in brown paper bag and smell of
236 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
237 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
238 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
239 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
240 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
241 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
242 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
243 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
244 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
245 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
246 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
247 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
248 of 320
Give the procedure.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. The 2 males would act these out. The drunk would carry bottle of alcohol in brown paper bag and smell of alcohol. The ill would carry a cane. The 2 females would sit as observers and noted the: gender, race
249 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
250 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
251 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
252 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
253 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
254 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
255 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
256 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
257 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
258 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
259 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
260 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
261 of 320
Give the procedure: males.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. Drink would carry
262 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
263 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
264 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
265 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
266 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
267 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
268 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
269 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
270 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
271 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
272 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
273 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
274 of 320
Give the procedure: males.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. Drink would carry bottle with brown paper bag and smell of alcohol. The drunk could carry a cane and wouldn't smell of alcohol. They would both wear old jeans and jacket with no tie.
275 of 320
Give the procedure: females.
The 2 females would be pretend to b
276 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
277 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
278 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
279 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
280 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
281 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
282 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
283 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
284 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
285 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
286 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
287 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
288 of 320
Give the procedure: males.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. Drink would carry bottle with brown paper bag and smell of alcohol. The drunk could carry a cane and wouldn't smell of alcohol. They would both wear old jeans and jacket with no tie.
289 of 320
Give the procedure: females.
The 2 females would be pretend to be observing and would take notes on: race, gender, where in carriage, how many people, how long before help and any comment made by passengers.
290 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
291 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
292 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
293 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
294 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
295 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
296 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
297 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
298 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
299 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
300 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
301 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
302 of 320
Who were the researchers?
16 general studies students in groups of 4 confederates - 2F/2M - there was a blak
303 of 320
Give the procedure: males.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. Drink would carry bottle with brown paper bag and smell of alcohol. The drunk could carry a cane and wouldn't smell of alcohol. They would both wear old jeans and jacket with no tie.
304 of 320
Give the procedure: females.
The 2 females would be pretend to be observing and would take notes on: race, gender, where in carriage, how many people, how long before help and any comment made by passengers.
305 of 320
What does attribution theory mean?
The impressions that leads to behaviour - judgement.
306 of 320
What does the fundamental attribution error mean?
Getting things wrong when pre-judging.
307 of 320
Give the 4 aims/hypothesis.
1H. an ill person will get more help than a drunk person. 2H. Would there be ethnocentric behaviour - races. 3H. The intervention of a confederate would inflence other peoples' behaviours. 4H. The size of the group would affect D.O.R.
308 of 320
Give the 4 IVs.
1. Race of victim. 2. Type of victim. 3. Presence/absence of intervention. 4. Number of people in carriage.
309 of 320
Give the 4 DVs.
1. How long it took people to help. 2. Whether people left critical area or not. 3. Race and gender. 4. Number of people helping victim.
310 of 320
Give the design.
Field experiment that was covert.
311 of 320
What does independent groups mean?
That they ps only go to the 1 condition not both.
312 of 320
Give the participants.
4450 (55% white & 45% black) in New York subway and on weekdays between 11am to 3pm. They were an opportunity sample.
313 of 320
How many people, on average, were in the carriage?
43 - 8.5 in critical area.
314 of 320
What is the advantage of using the days and times?
You won't get commuters so they won't have repeated the experiment.
315 of 320
What is the disadvantage of using the days and times?
You will get the same type of people.
316 of 320
Give the location of the carriage.
From 59th street to 125th street: 8th Avenue Line that lasted 7.5 minutes with no stops.
317 of 320
Who were the researchers?
16 general studies students in groups of 4 confederates - 2F/2M - there was a black 'victim' in each group.
318 of 320
Give the procedure: males.
There were 2 roles: drunk and ill. Drink would carry bottle with brown paper bag and smell of alcohol. The drunk could carry a cane and wouldn't smell of alcohol. They would both wear old jeans and jacket with no tie.
319 of 320
Give the procedure: females.
The 2 females would be pretend to be observing and would take notes on: race, gender, where in carriage, how many people, how long before help and any comment made by passengers.
320 of 320

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the big idea in Piliavin and what does it mean?

Back

Diffusion of responsibility is when no one helps because people think that someone else will do it. The bigger the group size, the less likely you are going to get help and the less people in the group the more likely you will get help.

Card 3

Front

What does bystander effect mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does pluralistic ignorance mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does altruism mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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