Pile fabrics

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 22-05-16 11:53
Describe pile fabrics. (3)
An extra warp thread is used. A raised fabric surface. Background is usually a plain weave.
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State the positives of pile fabrics
Pile traps more air so it is insulating. Pile helps to disguise creasing.
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What are the negatives of pile fabrics?
Pile can flatten over time. Pieces must be cut in the same direction (directional). Long piles can produce flash flames.
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What are examples of loop piles?
Towelling, polar fleece.
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What are the advantages of using a loop pile?
Insulating as the loops trap air, soft against skin. Loops provide increased surface area meaning it is more absorbent.
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What are the disadvantages of using a loop pile?
Loops can snag and look unsightly.
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Describe a cut pile.
Begins as a loop pile but is cut.
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What are examples of cut piles?
Velvet, corduroy, suedette, fur fabrics.
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What are the positives of using cut pile fabrics?
They have a luxurious appearance and feel. E.g. velvet.
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What are the negatives of using cut pile fabrics?
Can go bald with wear. Difficult to iron.
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Describe fabrics with a directional pile.
Cut pile fabrics. Directional pile raises the fabric surface. Lies in one direction, but looks different colours when viewed from different angles. Smooth/rough from different directions. Goes in warp direction.
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What are examples of fabrics with a directional pile?
Velvet, corduroy, suedette, velour, needlecord.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

State the positives of pile fabrics

Back

Pile traps more air so it is insulating. Pile helps to disguise creasing.

Card 3

Front

What are the negatives of pile fabrics?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are examples of loop piles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the advantages of using a loop pile?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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