Pickel

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1. An application of this study is?

  • Has highlighted the need for the courts/police to be aware of the effects of weapon focus
  • Has highlighted the need for the courts/police to be aware of the effects of filler tasks between witness of crime and the statement
  • Has highlighted the need for the courts/police to be aware of the effects of leading questions
  • Has highlighted the need for the courts/police to be aware of the effects of video's of crimes
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2. what was the overall/final conclusion?

  • All of the above
  • The ability of participants to recall the features of a man was significantly affected by the unusualness of the object the man was holding
  • Both experiments show that weapon focus reduces the detail of witness testimony because attention is narrowed on an object that appears out of context.
  • It can be deduced that the poor recall was caused by high unusualness, because if high threat was the main reason, then the scissors would also have resulted in low recall in the first procedure

3. What had the poorest recall?

  • hand gun
  • Chicken
  • scissors
  • Nothing

4. Why was there a second procedure?

  • Done to check the of the first experiment
  • Done to check the reliability of the first experiment
  • Done to check the validity of the first experiment
  • Done to check the ethics of the first experiment

5. What were the 5 objects the man came in with?

  • Scissors, hand gun, wallet, a toy and nothing
  • Scissors, hand gun, chicken, a knife and nothing
  • Scissors, Hand gun, Wallet, Chicken and Nothing
  • Scissors, machine gun, cheese, a dog and nothing

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