PI - self report

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Name two techniques.
Questionnaires, interviews.
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Name interview types.
Structured, semi-structured, clinical, unstructured.
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Open question strengths? x2
More rich detail, doesn't force respondent to give answer.
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Weaknesses of open Q? x2
Time consuming for respondents & to analyse. Responses may not be relevant to what's desired.
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Closed question strengths? x2
Easier & quicker to respond. Data easy to compare & analyse.
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Weaknesses of closed?
Can force to pick untrue option. Lacks reason why selected option.
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What is a rating scale?
Putting mark on appropriate point along numerical dimension to indicate strength of attitude.
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What's on a Likert scale?
Strongly agree, agree, undecided, disagree, strongly disagree.
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Rating scale strengths? x2
Easy to analyse. Compare & put into graphical form.
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Rating scale weaknesses? x2
No detail behind answers. Pp's don't answer truthfully (order effects).
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How to resolve leading questions in a questionnaire? (Following Q in terms of validity)
Restructure to avoid leading Q
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Resolve socially desirable answers?
Guarantee anonymity.
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Resolve force-choice questions?
'other' please specify option.
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Resolve demand characteristics?
'smokescreen'/ filler Q to disguise aim.
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Resolve standard response set?
Reverse statements, mix positive & negative attitudes towards subject.
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Resolve researcher bias?
Independent researcher 'blind' to aim of study to analyse data .
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Following Q about reliability of questionnaires. How is large number of Q about same thing improving reliability?
Can see if something really true about pp.
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How repeated with different groups & similar results improves reliability?
Establish consistent findings.
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Could compare on own or with others?
Reduces reliability - no consistency between pp's in how completed Q.
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Low response rate?
Reduces reliability, not large sample to establish consistent effect.
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Unstructured - different Q to interviewees.
Reduces, no consistency between pp's experience, results can't be compared.
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Ambiguous Q? (open to interpretation)
Reduces, inconsistency regarding what think been asked.
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Name ethical issue related to following q. Respondent asked name/gender/age
Confidentiality.
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Researcher tells purpose of Q?
Deception, Consent
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Respondents given details to discuss?
Debrief
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Sensitive Q
Harm
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Irrelevant 'filler' Q
Deception
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Must answer all Q
Withdraw
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name interview types.

Back

Structured, semi-structured, clinical, unstructured.

Card 3

Front

Open question strengths? x2

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Weaknesses of open Q? x2

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Closed question strengths? x2

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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