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skeletal system?... what does it do?...
1) movement 2) support 3) protection
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Hinge Joints
1) Elbow 2) knee
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Ball and Socket
1) shoulder 2) hip
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what is a joint?
where two or more bones meet
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movements at the joint...
1) Flexion 2) extension 3) adduction 4) abduction 5) rotation
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ligaments
join together bone to bone
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tendons
joins together bone to muscle
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osteoporosis
where bones become weak. but it can be prevented by weight bearing exercise eg running or walking
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closed fractures
bone is damaged but the skin over the break is not
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stress fractures
is an overuse of an injury
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compound fracture
a broken bone which has proceeded through the skin.
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tennis and golf elbow
overuse of injury at the elbow. tennis elbow is pain outside the elbow. golfers is pain inside the elbow
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dislocation
a bone forced out of its normal position
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sprains
is a damage to a ligament
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greenstick
only breaks part way across the bone
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torn cartilage
a firm elastic substance found at the end of the bones of a joint
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treatment for an ingury
the R.I.C.E process
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Rest
stop playing or training
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Ice
reduces blood flow to the injured area also helps to relief pain
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compression
it limits swelling and may provide pain relief
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elevation
reduces swelling
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1) Elbow 2) knee

Back

Hinge Joints

Card 3

Front

1) shoulder 2) hip

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

where two or more bones meet

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1) Flexion 2) extension 3) adduction 4) abduction 5) rotation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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