physical education

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Mental benefits (psychological)
1) prevents stress 2) mental challenge 3) increase self-esteem and confidence 4) aethetic appreciation 5) enjoyment of life
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physical benefits
1) good physical health 2) increase in fitness 3) improve performance 4) improvement in cardiovascular, muscular strength/endurance
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social benefits
1) mixing with others 2) making new friends 3) meeting current friends 4) developing teamwork and cooperation 5) working with others
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influences of people in sport
1) family- want them playing the same sport 2) peers- encouragement to take part 3) role modal- seeing them being successful
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influences of image in sport
1) fashion- fashionable 2) media- seeing it inspires competitors
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influences of cultural factors in sport
1) disability- there are resources and opportunities 2) age- ages of performers 3) gender- there is teams for both genders 4) race- influenced by the ethnic background
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influences of resources in sport
1) availability- suitable resources 2) location- locally available 3) access- easy to get to 4) time facilities- needs to be available at the right time
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influences of health and well being
illness- can prevent them playing the sport they want to do
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influences of socio-economic
1) cost- should be affordable for them to be able to participate 2) status- current situation in society.
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a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of illness
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a form of physical activity which maintain or even improves health/ physical fitness
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ability to meet the demands of the environment
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how well a task it completed
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cardiovascular firness
ability to exercise the entire body for a long period of time
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muscular fitness
the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
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muscular endurance
the ability to use the voluntary muscles without getting tired
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the range of movement possible at a joint
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body compostion
the percentage of body weight that is fat, muscle and bone
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the ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body
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balance while at a rest position or on the move
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the ability to use use two or more body parts together
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the ability to undertake strength performance quickly. power=strength x speed
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reaction time
the time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement
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a rate of which a performer is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period time
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rest and recovery
rest- time to allow recovery. recovery- time to repair injury caused by exercise.
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heart rate
number of times the heart beats per minute
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endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph
1) fatness 2) muscles 3) thinness
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blood pressure
the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the blood vessels
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cardiac output
the amount of blood ejected from the heart per minute
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stroke volume
the volume of blood pumped out of the heart by each ventricle during one contraction
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respiratory systems contains?!?
capillaries and alveoli
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oxygen debt
extra oxygen consumed during the recovery from a periods of physical activity.
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Card 2


physical benefits


1) good physical health 2) increase in fitness 3) improve performance 4) improvement in cardiovascular, muscular strength/endurance

Card 3


social benefits


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Card 4


influences of people in sport


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Card 5


influences of image in sport


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