Physical Health

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  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 07-05-16 18:30
Incommunicable/ Communicable diseases
Developed/ Undeveloped
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Health behaviours
Use of medical services/ adherence to treatment/ self-directed behaviour
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Operant conditioning- Marteau, Ashcroft and Oliver
More short term incentives= more behaviour change- depends on financial situation of p/ more effective for discrete + infrequent behaviour
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Antecedent strategies
Influence behaviour before it happens
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Picheansathian, Pearson, Suchaxaya
Nurses washing their hands- Posters increased from 6.3% to 81.2%
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World Cancer Research- 5 a day
24%- 27%
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SLT- Breakfast
Adolescents more likely to eat breakfast if their parents do
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Lowe et al
More consumption of fruit and veg after 'food dudes'
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Theory of reasoned action
Behaviour occurs as result of attitude and social norms
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Attitude +Subjective norms->
Intention-> Behaviour
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Attitude=
Outcome expectancy x Outcome value
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Subjective norms=
Normative beliefs x motivation to comply
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Theory of planned behaviour- PBC influenced by
Past behaviour
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PBC added to flow chart with
Internal and External factors
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Nurses in USA washing hands
TPB variables predicted behavioural intention but no association between intention and behaviour
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5 stages to change minds
Pre-contemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, Maintenance
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Transtheoretical model
Comes from loads of different theories
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Non-linear
Dynamic- not necessarily in order
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Smoking study
1466 ps, average of 29 cigs a day
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IV
Where they are in these stages
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Preparation group
Smoked less, less addicted, more self-efficacy, list negatives, more quitting attempts- more actually quit after 6 months
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Daivadanam et al
Pre-contemplation 0 months (counselling, telephone reminders, awareness), Contemplation 6 months (measure intake, visibility of alternative), Action 12 moths(help, support)
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HIC transmission
Male-female unprotected sex (70%)/ Male-male (10%)/ Sharing needles or syringes (5-10%)/ Mother- child (10%)
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ABC model
Abstain from sex, Be faithful to one partner, Condoms
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AIDSCOM
Promoting these values
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Uganda
Less stigma/ less infected- less sex at young ages, more monogamy, more condoms
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Jamaica
More abstinence in younger kiddies
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Dominican Republic
Men have less partners
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Brazil
Condoms distributed
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Cambodian and Thailand
100% condom use in brothels
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Uganda
HIV has now risen again
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Swaziland
Not effective
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Kenya
ABC model poorly communicated
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US model
Based on religious ideology
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Indigenous interventions
Individual, interpersonal relationships, societal norms
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KAP intervention models
Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice- qualitative, local understanding
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Congolese refugees in Tanzania- Tanaka et al
Most knew about it and knew about prevention- some hadn't heard of it- mostly females- low risk reduction
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More than 1 partner in last year
1/3rd
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Having sex 14 or under
20%
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Number of partners
Male> female
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condom use
20%
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Transactional sex
high condom use
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Needle sharing
Low
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Living with HIV/AIDs
Less faithful to partner
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South African women
Educational, Economic, Gender inequality
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Gilbert and Selikow- Gender inequality
Do no harm, Gender sensitivity, Gender transformative, Structural interve
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condom use
20%
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Transactional sex
high condom use
48 of 52
Needle sharing
Low
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Living with HIV/AIDs
Less faithful to partner
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South African women
Educational, Economic, Gender inequality
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Gilbert and Selikow- Gender inequality
Do no harm, Gender sensitivity, Gender transformative, Structural interventions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Health behaviours

Back

Use of medical services/ adherence to treatment/ self-directed behaviour

Card 3

Front

Operant conditioning- Marteau, Ashcroft and Oliver

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Antecedent strategies

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Picheansathian, Pearson, Suchaxaya

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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