Physical Geography

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What is Weather?
Describes the condition of the atmosphere
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What is Climate?
The average weather conditions in a particular location based on average weather over the past 30+ years
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What is fauna and flora?
Fauna- all types of animals that live in a specific area. Flora- All types of plant species that live in a specific area.
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What is a biome?
Global climate zone with similar flora, fauna &climate
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What does weather take into account?
temperature, precipitation, humidity & atmospheric pressure of the part of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth
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STATEMENT
Climate refers to what is expected to happen in the atmosphere
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STATEMENT
Weather can differ to what is suggested by climate
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What can affect climate?
landscape, relief & activities taking place (Human & Natural). This can alter over time and space
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Can climate vary?
Yes. From place to place eg. Top of a hill, sunny/shady side.
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What are Microclimates?
Areas with small variations.
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What are climates influenced by?
proximity to equator or sea, ocean currents & prevailing wind.
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What is prevailing wind?
Wind direction that occurs most often throughout the year.
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Types of vegetation & Animals are influenced by?
Climate.
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FACTORS AFFECTING CLIMATES- Latitude or distance from equator
temperatures drop further away from equator. Sun is at a lower angle in the sky when areas are close to the poles. More energy is lost so temperatures are cooler.
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IN ADDITION- latitude or distance from equator
ice + snow nearer the poles causes a higher albedo (More solar light is reflected) contributes to the cold.
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Altitude or height above sea level
higher altitudes have colder temperatures. usually decrease -1 degree every 100m in altitude
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Distance from sea
Oceans heat & cool down more slowly than land. Coastal locations cooler in summer & warmer in winter
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Ocean currents
UK has a maritime climate- warm ocean (the north atlantic drift) keeps Britain warmer & wetter
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Prevailing wind
Pwind blows over land can contribute to creating desert climates
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What causes variability of weather & climate?
Arctic winds, Continental winds, Maritime winds, Tropical Winds
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What do each winds bring?
Awind> Very cold. Cwind>Cold in winter. Mwind> Very wet. Twind>Very warm.
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What is the name for these winds?
Air masses
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Another name for mountain/polar climates?
trunda
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What do gale force winds travel across?
Atlantic Ocean
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What does Scotland experience with its length of days?
shortest in winter. Longest in Summer. In all of the British isles
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Climate?

Back

The average weather conditions in a particular location based on average weather over the past 30+ years

Card 3

Front

What is fauna and flora?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a biome?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does weather take into account?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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