Phonology Key Words

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Deletion
Simplify pronunciation by deleting certain sounds. Final consonants may be dropped e.g. the /t/ sound in 'Hat' and 'Cat'. Consonant clusters are reduced e.g. 'snake' becomes 'nake' and 'sleep' becomes 'seep'
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Deletion of unstressed syllables
Occurs when the opening syllable in polysyllabic words is omitted 'nana' for 'banana'
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Consonant Cluster reductions
Occurs when consonant clusters are difficult to articulate and children reduce them to smaller units 'pider' for 'spider'
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Addition
Break up consonant clusters by adding a vowel separate to them e.g. 'blue' becomes 'belu'. Sometimes they add syllables on the end of the word to re-create the CVCV (c-consonant, v-vowel) pattern, e.g. 'horsey' for 'horse
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Substitution
Substituting harder sounds with easier ones. R (as in Rock of Story) becomes 'W', Th (as in There, that or thumb) becomes 'd', 'n' or 'f'. T (as in Toe) becomes 'd'. P (as in Pig) becomes 'b'.
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Reduplication
A syllable in the word is repeated e.g. wee-wee and night-night.
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Assimilation
Sounds in a word are made to sound more like neighbouring ones e.g. 'dog' becomes 'gog'
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Metathesis
Sounds in a word are swapped round e.g. 'relevant' becomes 'revelant'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deletion of unstressed syllables

Back

Occurs when the opening syllable in polysyllabic words is omitted 'nana' for 'banana'

Card 3

Front

Consonant Cluster reductions

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Addition

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Substitution

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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