philosophy

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Josh98
  • Created on: 10-03-15 12:33
Plato's Cave
prisoners-->humans the cave-->the world we live in the outside of the cave-->alternate perfect universe the person who leads the prisoner out-->philosophers the sun-->the ultimate good
1 of 20
The prime mover
the force that starts the motion of everything e.g. an archers shoots an arrow which makes him the prime mover. plato believes that "god" created the universe which makes him a prime mover. Prime mover = necessity, final cause & linked to god
2 of 20
Aristotle's material cause
everything is made of some sort of material; e.g. a wooden chair is made of wood
3 of 20
Aristotle's formal cause
everything has formality/structure and is made in a certain way to achieve a particular purpose e.g. a chair has pieces of wood put together to allow it to stand up and hold a persons weight on top of it.
4 of 20
Aristotle's efficient cause
everything exists for a reason and to achieve a "telos" e.g. a chair exists so that someone can sit on it
5 of 20
Aristotle's final cause
the final cause is the ultimate reason why something exists. e.g. someone wanted to sit down and therefore they decided to make something that they could sit on resulting in the creation of a chair
6 of 20
Socrates
famous for his way of questioning everything, he was the start of philosophers and Plato obtained his philosophies from Socrates work
7 of 20
Criticisms of the theory of the forms/cave
forms could just be ideas in the mind. unclear link between forms and the world of appearances. no proof that the world of forms exists
8 of 20
How Aristotle's theory's are different to Plato's
Aristotle's theory emphasises the value of studying the physical world whilst at the same time rejects the idea of the theory of forms, dualism and Plato's understanding of the soul.
9 of 20
Omniscience
god has limitless knowledge of creation
10 of 20
Omnipotence
God' power is limitless and is present throughout and supreme above creation
11 of 20
Omnipresence
God is present throughout all creation
12 of 20
God as a creator
god is presented as a craftsmen and a designer by the way he creates the whole world from nothing (Creatio ex nihlo). he gives humans authority over the earth. the beauty of the earth is destroyed by peoples evil actions
13 of 20
Gods responsibilty over creation
the problems of "evil" challenge the omni titles applied to god
14 of 20
What makes an action good
God commands it or God commands what is good
15 of 20
In the bible...
God is good and Gods actions are good
16 of 20
The goodness of creation
Gods goodness is visible in the creation and sustaining of the world. God acts for the benefit of his creations/people. The goodness of God's actions is not a matter of human judgement
17 of 20
The ten commandments
God's commandments are what makes an action good. The duty of people is to respond to and obey those commandments.The ten commandments set the standards of what is morally right and wrong. they also enable people to lead a good life.
18 of 20
imagery of god
Anthropomorphic (e.g. a fighter, warrior, king etc.)
19 of 20
Critisisms of Gods goodness
The amount of evil and suffering in the world. People may doubt that god acts in the world if they have not witnessed or experienced an event such as a miracle. many people have question whether god is good by examining bible stories
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the force that starts the motion of everything e.g. an archers shoots an arrow which makes him the prime mover. plato believes that "god" created the universe which makes him a prime mover. Prime mover = necessity, final cause & linked to god

Back

The prime mover

Card 3

Front

everything is made of some sort of material; e.g. a wooden chair is made of wood

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

everything has formality/structure and is made in a certain way to achieve a particular purpose e.g. a chair has pieces of wood put together to allow it to stand up and hold a persons weight on top of it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

everything exists for a reason and to achieve a "telos" e.g. a chair exists so that someone can sit on it

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all Ideas of gods resources »