Philosophy- Basic Definitions etc.

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Define ethics
moral principles that govern a person's behaviour and actions
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Define Deontology
Ethics based on duty, rules and laws. A type of absolute morality
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Define Absolutism
A type of morality that uses fixed rules that can never be changed and allows for no exceptions
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Define Teleology
Ethics based on the outcome of actions. A type of relative morality
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Define Relativism
A type of morality where some flexibility is allowed. Exceptions are considered and the situation is taken into account.
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Define Moral
An act considered right
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Define Immoral
An act considered wrong
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Define Amoral
An act showing no understanding of right/wrong
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Define Non-moral
An act not concerned with right/wrong
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What would a deontologist say about a woman taking her dying son to hospital?Could she speed?
No speeding
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What would a deontologist say about a man late for work? Could he speed?
No speeding
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What is the main rule for Deontology?
No matter what the situation, if something is against the law, the offence should be punished
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Who followed Deontology?
Kant
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What would a Teleologist say about the police chasing a bomber?
Speed
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What would a Teleologist say about a man late to pick up his kids?
No speeding
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What is the main rule for Teleology?
If lives are at stake, or the situation is very desperate-laws may be broken.
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Who followed Teleology?
Betham and Mill
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Card 2

Front

Define Deontology

Back

Ethics based on duty, rules and laws. A type of absolute morality

Card 3

Front

Define Absolutism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define Teleology

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define Relativism

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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