Philosophy: Aristotle and Causation

The four causes in order
Material(what its made from), Formal(the design), Efficient(the maker or builder), Final(its purpose or function)
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Immanent forms
Present in the wrold of our normal experience. the form is in the thing itself
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The Prime Mover
Aristotle's God, indifferent to the universe. thinks of himself (perfection) draws everyhting towards himself as the ultimate final cause
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Objections: Scientific
Too easy for modern day argument with advances in technology. but must acknowledge his idea of being more careful with observation but also to find the right way of recording, analysing and sorting the discoveries
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Objections: Philosophical- Fallcy of composition
the error of thinking that what is true of the part is true of the whole. just because all humans have mothers, it does not follow that humankind as a whole does not have a mother.
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Objections: the big bang
the big bang and much of modern cosmology wouls cast serious doubt on a god who brings the world into motion by attracting it to himslef. imstead, we are presented with a violent beginning of an ever-expanding universe, which may not need a god
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Objections: religion
Aristotle's god is not the god of the abrahamic religions. it is not a personal god as only contemplates its own perfect nature and has no interraction with its creation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Immanent forms

Back

Present in the wrold of our normal experience. the form is in the thing itself

Card 3

Front

The Prime Mover

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Objections: Scientific

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Objections: Philosophical- Fallcy of composition

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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