Pesonality

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  • Created by: ben
  • Created on: 01-05-14 15:00
What is the structure of personality suggested by Hollander?
(from inside to out)- Deep psychological core, Typical resoponses, Role-related behaviors
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What do trait theories suggest about personality?
that we are born with inherited characteristics which do not alter & cause us to react similarly irrespective of the situation
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what are the characteristics of trait theories?
stable, enduring, consistent
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what are the 2 dimensions that Eysenck suggested we posses?
the extrovert-introvert dimension & stable-neurotic dimension
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why do extrverts need more stimulation/arousal and introverts need less to be aroused?
because extroverts' RAS inhibits info recieved via sensory system so it needs extra stimulation to maintain optimum levels of attention and the converse with introverts
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what are the characteristics of extroverts & introverts? (at least 3 for each)
extroverts- sociable, outgoing, talkative, active, optimistic. introverts- quiet, passive, unsociable, reversed, careful
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what are the characteristics of stable & neurotic? (at least 3 for each)
stable- calm, even-tempered, reliable, controlled, logical. neurotic- moody, anxious, touchy, restless, aggressive
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what are the criticisms of the trait theories?
1.too simplistic 2.do not account for personality changes 3.do not account for enviro/situational factors 4.not accurate predictor of sport preference
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what do interactionist theories suggest?
pesonality is a mixture of inherited traits and the current situation- combination of trait theory & social learning theiory
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what is the equation for theis theory?
B=F(PE) where B=behaviour, F=function, P=personality, E=environment
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what is POMS?
it is a way of measuring personality called profile of Mood States (POMS)
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what 6 mood states does this POMS measure?
tension, depression, anger, vigour, fatigue & confusion
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what mood state should be high to be a successful performer?
vigour.
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what does the Theory of Achievement Motivation propose?
that the behaviour of an individual is based on their interaction with the environment and desire to succeed.
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what are the two types of performers in relation to achievement motivation?
Need to Achieve performers (n.Ach) & Need to Avoid failure performers (n.Af)
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what are the charctersitics of need to achieve performer? (at least 3)
pride from competing, quick completion of task, welcome feedback, optimistic, confident, dont mind to fail, task risks
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what are the charctersitics of need to avoid failure performer? (at least 3)
attempt to avoid shame/humiliation, worr about failure, avoid a 50/50 chance, choose tasks that are very hard or very easy, dislike feedback, performance deteriorates when being evaluated, give up easily
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what is the equation for achievment motivation?
achievement = desire to succeed - fear of failure
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Card 2

Front

What do trait theories suggest about personality?

Back

that we are born with inherited characteristics which do not alter & cause us to react similarly irrespective of the situation

Card 3

Front

what are the characteristics of trait theories?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are the 2 dimensions that Eysenck suggested we posses?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why do extrverts need more stimulation/arousal and introverts need less to be aroused?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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