Perspectives on the family

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According to Murdock what are the functions of the family?
1. stable satisfaction of the sex drive 2. reproduction 3. socialisation of the next generation 4. meeting its members' economic needs
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According to Parsons what are the functions of the family?
1. primary socialisation 2. stabilisation of adult personailities
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What is Parsons 'functional fit' theory?
The particular structure and functions of a given family will 'fit' the needs of society.
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What family fits best in modern industrial society & why?
The nuclear family as there are less in a family and are able to move areas to areas of work easily than the exteneded family
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What family fits best in the pre-industrial society & why?
The extended family as the whole family would grow up in the same village their whole lives.
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Give some criticisms of the functionalist view of the family
1. Old fashioned view 2. Ignores family diversity 3. rose tinted view - ignores family dysfunctions 4. Marxist would argues family serves capitalism 5. Feminists argue family serves patriarchy
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According to Marxists what are the 2 social classes?
1. Bourgeoisie- capitalist class 2. Proletriat- working class
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According to Marxists what functions do the family do that fulfill capitalism?
1. Inheritance of property - rich stay rich, poor stay poor, 2.Ideological functions- socialising children to accept capitalism 3. Unit of consumption
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What does Zaretsky believe the family provides?
A safe haven from the harsh reality of capitalism, allows workers to be themselves and have a private life
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Give some criticitisms of the Marxist view of the family
1. Assumes nuclear family is dominant 2. Feminists believes underestimates gender inequalities within the family 3. Functionalists believe Marxists ignores the real benefits the family provides to society
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What do Liberal feminists argue about women's oppresion?
It's gradually being overcome through changing attitudes and through the law e.g. sex discrimination act, Moving towards greater equality but still need to go further to reach full equality
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What do other feminists argue against liberal feminists?
Failing to challege the real underlying causes of women's oppression and for believing that changes in the law or attitudes will be enough to bring equality
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What do Marxist Feminists argue is the main reason for women's oppression?
Capitalism- not men
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According to Marxist Feminists what functions do women perfom?
1. Reproduce the labour force 2. Women absorb anger 3. Are a reserved army of cheap labour
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What does Fran Ansley say?
"Women are the takers of sh*t"
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What do Radical Feminsts argue that society has been founded upon?
Patriarchy
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For Radical Feminists what are the key divisions between men and women in society?
1. Men are the enemy- cause of oppression and exploit women 2. Marriage & the family are institutions in patriarchal society
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How would Radical Feminsts abolish oppression?
Through separatism- women and men must live separately. They argue for political lesbianism
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What does Somerville criticise Radical Feminists for?
Failing to see that women's positions have changed in society and that separatism is unlikely due to hetrosexual attraction
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What do Difference feminists say about women's experiences
Unable to generalise as every women experiences family life differently
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What do other Feminists argue againist Difference Feminists
Women still share some same experiences
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Give some criticisms of the Feminists approach of the family
1. Assumes the nuclear family is dominant - ignores diversity 2. All structural theories- based on patriarchy
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Card 2

Front

According to Parsons what are the functions of the family?

Back

1. primary socialisation 2. stabilisation of adult personailities

Card 3

Front

What is Parsons 'functional fit' theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What family fits best in modern industrial society & why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What family fits best in the pre-industrial society & why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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