Perspective towards education

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According to Durkheim what are the two main functions of education?
1. Creating social solidarity 2. Teaching special skills
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What is social solidarity?
It's individual members must feel themselves to be part of the community
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How does the education system create social solidarity?
Transmitting society's culture through the generations
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What is school seen as?
Society in miniature
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Why does education teach specialist skills?
Pupils have to specialist knowledge and skills that they need to play their part in the social division of labour
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What is Meritocracy?
Everyone has an equal opportunity to gain success through hard work
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What is the bridge Parsons talk about?
School acts as a bridge between the family and wider society
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What are particularistic standards?
Rules that only apply to that particular child/person
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What other function does Parsons argue that education does?
Selecting and allocating pupils to their future work roles by assessing a pupil on their aptitudes and abilities
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What does Davis and Moore see education as?
A device for selection and role allocation
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What do Davis and Moore see inequality as in education?
A way to ensure that the most talented people fill the most important jobs
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What do Blau and Duncan argue?
A modern economy depends for its prosperity on using its human capital and the meritocratic system does its job
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Give some criticisms of the functionalist approach to education
1. Evidence that equal opportunity in education does not exist 2. Tumin criticises David and Moore for putting forward an circular arguement 3. Wrong argues that this view is over-socialised of people as mere puppets of society
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In what ways do The New Right agree with Functionalisms about education?
1. Some people are more naturally talented than others 2. favourite an education system run on meritocractic principles of open competition 3. Education socialises pupils into shared values
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What is the key difference in The New Right approach and Functionalism to education?
The New Right does not belive that the current education system is meeting its goals- its failing
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is social solidarity?

Back

It's individual members must feel themselves to be part of the community

Card 3

Front

How does the education system create social solidarity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is school seen as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why does education teach specialist skills?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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