Penrod and Cutler Quiz - Witness Confidence

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What did Penrod and Cutler aim to look at?
Penrod and Cutler wanted to examine the factors that jurors take into consideration when when evaluating eye witness identification evidence. ( to look at the effect of witness confidence on the jury)
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What sample did Penrod and Cutler use?
Undergraduate students and experienced jurors.
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What was the method?
A lab experiment and Independent measures design
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Describe the procedure.
They used a videotaped mock trial. The conditions were 'witness confidence 100%' and 'witness confidence 80%'. The witness appeared 100% confident that she had identified the robber correctly. In the other condition, she appeared only 80% sure.
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What were the results?
They found when the witness was 100% confident there was a 67% conviction rate, in comparison to 80% confidence which had only a 67% conviction rate
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What can we conclude?
Witness confidence did have an effect, however it was only slightly different. It is important to remember that someone can be 100% confident but also 100% incorrect.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What sample did Penrod and Cutler use?

Back

Undergraduate students and experienced jurors.

Card 3

Front

What was the method?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the procedure.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the results?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

Hanswainx

On the flashcard with the results, there is a typo, when witness confidence was 80% there was a 60% conviction rate, whereas 100% confidence there was a 67% conviction rate. Apologies for any inconvenience. 

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