PE - Scenario

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What are the benefits of having a healthy, active lifestyle?
Improved body shape and weight loss, improved strength, stamina and flexibility. Stress release
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Name the 5 skeletal system functions
Movement, Support, Shape, Protection, Blood-cell production
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Name 4 types of joints
Hinge, ball and socket, pivot, condyloid
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Name the movement at joints
Flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and rotation.
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What connects muscle to bone?
Tendons
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What are antagonistic pairs?
Muscles working together -> One muscle contracting and another relaxing
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What is dynamic strength/muscular endurance?
Ability of the muscles to work continuously over a period of time
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What is explosive strength?
Used in one short, sharp movement
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What is static strength?
Amount of strength applied to an immovable object
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What is speed?
Ability of the body to move as quickly as possible
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What is power?
Combination of speed and strength
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What is flexibility?
The range of movement around a joint
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What is agility?
The agility to change direction quickly - a combination of flexibility and speed
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What is balance?
The ability to stay level and stable
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What is co-ordination?
The ability to control the body when performing different actions at the same time
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What is cardiovascular endurance?
Ability of the the heart and lungs to continuously supply oxygen over long periods
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What is timing?
The ability to judge and control a movement in relation to external factors
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What is interval training?
Intense work followed by rest periods
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What are the advantages of interval training?
Can be adapted for different activities, different levels of fitness, don't need specialist equipment
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What are the disadvantages of interval training?
Work and rest periods need to be timed and can be repetitive
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What is circuit training?
Variety of excercises, different muscles groups, set number of repetitions
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What are the advantages of circuit training?
Skill stations, easy to plan, prevents boredom, adaptable
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What are the disadvantages of circuit training?
Takes time, some specialist equipment needed
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What is weight training?
Repetitions & sets. Free-standing or fixed weights
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What are the advantages of weight training?
Easy to add weights, easy to show progression
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What are the disadvantages of weight training?
Need gym access, limit on weights
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What is continuous training?
Without a break, medium intensity
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What are the advantages of continuous training?
Easy to set-up and carry out, no equipment required, easy to show progression
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What are the disadvantages of continuous training?
Boring, done outside- weather conditions may disrupt training
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What is fartlek training?
Different intensity e.g. walk, jog, run & sprint
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What are the advantages of fartlek training?
Excercises can be adapted for pace change, no specialist equipment required
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What are the disadvantages of fartlek training?
May be distrupted by weather, needs correct terrain
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Name the principles of training
Specificity, Progression, Overload (Frequency, Intensity, Time), Reversibility, Tedium
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What is overload?
When the body can be made to work harder than it would normally do
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What is tedium?
Varying of training and intrest to prevent boredom
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How do you figure out maximum heart rate?
220 - age
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name the 5 skeletal system functions

Back

Movement, Support, Shape, Protection, Blood-cell production

Card 3

Front

Name 4 types of joints

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the movement at joints

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What connects muscle to bone?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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