PE Chapter 5

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Characteristics of Ancient Origins (1066)
Their are four main characteristics of ancient origin sports. The first is it is violent as a result of war preperation. The second is that there is a two tired system within society so sport was seperated acordingly (archery jousting).
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Characteristics of Festival games (1175)
Many different characteristics of festival games, for example; resticted to holy days, localised due to lack of transport, violent due to lack of rules because of a lack of inteligence, male dominated, two tired society
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Eamples of Festival games (1175)
Mod football, Mob games
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Popular Recreations (1400)
Many different characteristics of Popular Recreations for example; resticted to holy days, localised due to lack of transport, violent due to lack of rules because of a lack of inteligence, male dominated, two tired society. Haxey Hood, Shrovetide FB
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Creation Of The Olympic Games 1
Ancient Greece - Every 4 years - Honor Zeus - Dr William Penny Brookes + Baron Pierre De Coubertin introduction of the Olympic festival - Brookes developed Much Wenlock Games - Model based on british school boys -Modern Olympic games Athens (1896)
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Creation Of The Olympic Games 2
creation of IOC - Responcible for orginisation of summer + winter Olympics - Barron De Coubertin wider objectives - Prevent war and develop international friendships - Games mostly ametuer - Competing for enjoyment - Sportsmanship centre point
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International Sports Festivals
Popular sports began to establish international governing bodies - Orginise international fixtures + competition - Two models - Festival- series of game - period of 2 weeks - festival - progression
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Sport After Industrial Revolution
Immediatly After - Decrease - main reasons - Urbanisation - Industrialisation - Working Conditions - Economics
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Emerge of Codification
C - Colonial A - Army P - Patronage I - Industry T - Teaching A - Administration U - University C - Church C - Club
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Role of Oxbridge
Oxford and Cambridge came together - Melting Pot - Process whereby students brought different rules for same game - Attempt to rationalise rules - Create standardised set - Cambridge football rules 1848 - did not solve problem - NGB created rational
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Professional Sport
Where players get a financial aid whereby they play sport instead of working a standard job.
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spectatorism
Watching sport as a spectacle where people pay to watch sport - Is a result of the Industrial Revolution - Conected to Proffesional sport
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Rise of Sport as a Business
Rise of quicker travle and move to broadband casting, sports have become a global event - Huge audience which result in media companies paying large ammounts of money for rights - pay to have logos and brands seen around stadiums - Shop window effect
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Americanisation
Adopting the american culture and behaviours to the idea of sport on a global scale such as team names, advertising, big stadiums
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Commercialism
Sport as a business in which a financial benifit occurs such as advertising and endorcments
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Deviance in sport
Deviance occurs when particpants break rules in which sports have. 3 types of deviance - Sportsmanship, Gamesmanship and Professional foul
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Sportsmanship
Conforming and playing by the written and unwritten rules of the sport - kicking the ball out when an opponent is injured
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Gamesmanship
Where an individual bends the rules in which to gain an advantage over his opponents - time wasting from the goal keeper.
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Professional foul
Where an individual breaks the rules in which to gain an adavantge for himself of his team - Taking out the last man in a goal scoring opportunity.
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Performance Enhancing Drugs
Not clear whether the level of drug taking has increased or we are now more aware of it due to advancments in testing
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WADA
Set up in 1998 when international sporting bodied decided that doping had become a gloabal problem .
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WADA's mission
To promote an co-ordinate at international level the fight against doping in fport in all forms.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Characteristics of Festival games (1175)

Back

Many different characteristics of festival games, for example; resticted to holy days, localised due to lack of transport, violent due to lack of rules because of a lack of inteligence, male dominated, two tired society

Card 3

Front

Eamples of Festival games (1175)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Popular Recreations (1400)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Creation Of The Olympic Games 1

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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