PE B453

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What are 3 ways of learning skills?
Practise and rehearsal, Trial and error, Copying other
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What are the 5 major functions of the skeleton?
1. shape and support 2. Movement 3. Mineral store 4. Protection 5. Blood production
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What are the 3 main bones in the arm?
Radius, Ulna and Humerus
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Name 5 bones in the leg?
Femur, Fibula, Tibia, Petella and Pelvis
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What is extension?
where the joint is straightened
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What is Abduction?
when a limb moves away from the centre of the body
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What is adduction?
when a limb is moved towards the centre of the body
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Name 3 problems with joints?
inflammation, arthritis and osteoarthritis
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What do ligaments do?
attach bone to bone
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What do tendons do?
attach muscle to bone
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What are the short term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system?
heart rate increases, more blood pumped to working muscles, vascular shunt takes place, cardiac output increases, stroke volume increases
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What are the short term effects of exercise on the respiratory system?
breathing rate increases, tidal volume increases, minute volume increases
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What are the short term effects of exercise on the muscular system?
muscle fatigue increases, increase muscle temperature, increased flexibility
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What are the long term effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system?
lower resting heart rate, size of heart increases, blood capillaries become more efficient, decrease in resting blood pressure, increase in haemoglobin
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What are the long term effects of exercise on the respiratory system?
rapid rate of recovery and increase lung volume
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What are the long term effects of exercise on the muscular system?
bigger/stronger muscles, aerobic/anaerobic adaptation in muscles, fatigue takes longer to occur, improves flexibility
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What does each letter of SPORT/V stand for?
S=specificity O=overload P=progression R=reversibility T/V=tedium/variance
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What does FITT stand for?
F=frequency I=intensity T=time T=type
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What is aerobic exercise?
this is when the body is working with the presence of oxygen. this is exercise done at a steady rate and not at maximum speed
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What is anaerobic respiration?
this is when the body is working without the presence of oxygen. this exercise involves high-intensity work
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What are the 7 types of training?
circuit, weight, plyometrics, flexibility, continuous, fartlek, interval
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Name some potential hazards?
poor physical fitness, poor level of skill, no warm-up or cool-down, dangerous practices, dangerous environment, weather, clothing, jewellery, poor equipment, behaviour
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Name 3 of the 4 government initiatives?
5 A Day, Top Tips for Top Mums, Change4Life, activity guidlines (30 mins per day)
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Name some school influences of taking part in physical activity?
PE lessons, extra-curricular activities, school teams, links with local clubs, raised awareness of sport and healthy lifestyle
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What do private enterprises do?
they are businesses ran by local authorities. They are ran to make a profit and cost money to join (e.g. gyms)
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What are the characteristics of skilful movement?
pre-determined, fluent, aesthetic, co-ordinated, efficient
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Name 2 examples of a synovial joint?
ball & socket, hinge
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Name all 4 types of feedback?
intrinsic, extrinsic, knowledge of results, knowledge of performance
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Give two examples of hinge joints?
elbow and knee
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Give and example of a ball and socket joint
shoulder
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Name 3 types of media?
TV, radio, internet, newspapers, magazines, leaflets
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Name 2 positive effects of sponsorship?
time, money, equipment, advertising for sponsor, positive image
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What does a unskilled performer look like?
hit 'n' miss, inconsistent, ungainly, awkward, high effort, long time
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 5 major functions of the skeleton?

Back

1. shape and support 2. Movement 3. Mineral store 4. Protection 5. Blood production

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 main bones in the arm?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name 5 bones in the leg?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is extension?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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